LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SUBJECT HEADINGS
MONTHLY LIST 14 (February 10, 2014)


Select this link to view the Summary of Decisions of the weekly editorial meeting.

 
 
MEDIUM OF PERFORMANCE TERMS
 
162
accordion    [pp2013015001]
 
462
UF accordeon
 
462
UF garmon
 
462
UF piano accordion
 
562
BT free reed instrument
 
 
162
accordion band    [pp2013015002]
 
462
UF accordion orchestra
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more accordions, with or without percussion and other instruments.
 
 
162
acoustic bass guitar    [pp2013015003]
 
462
UF bass guitar, acoustic
 
462
UF folk bass guitar
 
562
BT guitar
 
 
162
actor    [pp2013015004]
 
562
BT performer
 
680
An actor in a non-singing role who is explicitly required for the performance of a musical composition that is not in a traditionally dramatic form.
 
 
162
aeolian harp    [pp2013015005]
 
462
UF eolian harp
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
aerophone    [pp2013015006]
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
A musical instrument that creates sound through the vibration of air without the use of strings or membranes.
 
 
162
ajaeng    [pp2013015007]
 
462
UF a-jaeng
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
alboka    [pp2013015008]
 
462
UF albogón
 
462
UF albogue
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A Basque hornpipe with two pipes played simultaneously.
 
 
162
algōjā    [pp2013015009]
 
462
UF alghōzā
 
462
UF alg̲hozah
 
462
UF algōzā
 
462
UF bīnõn
 
462
UF do nally
 
462
UF jorhi
 
462
UF jorī
 
462
UF ngoze
 
462
UF pāvā
 
462
UF pāwā
 
462
UF satāra
 
562
BT duct flute
 
680
A pair of end-blown flutes played simultaneously, widespread in the Indian subcontinent.
 
 
162
alphorn    [pp2013015010]
 
462
UF alpenhorn
 
462
UF alpine horn
 
562
BT natural horn
 
 
162
alto clarinet    [pp2013015011]
 
462
UF E♭ clarinet (alto)
 
462
UF E-flat clarinet (alto)
 
562
BT clarinet
 
680
The alto member of the clarinet family, normally pitched in E♭.
 
 
162
alto flute    [pp2013015012]
 
462
UF bass flute (alto flute)
 
562
BT flute
 
680
A flute in G, a fourth below the concert flute.
 
 
162
alto horn    [pp2013015013]
 
462
UF cavalry horn
 
462
UF E♭ horn
 
462
UF E-flat horn
 
462
UF mellophone
 
462
UF tenor horn
 
562
BT saxhorn
 
680
A valved brass instrument of alto pitch that is similar to a small euphonium in shape.
 
 
162
alto recorder    [pp2013015014]
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
alto saxophone    [pp2013015015]
 
562
BT saxophone
 
 
162
alto trombone    [pp2013015016]
 
562
BT trombone
 
 
162
alto voice    [pp2013015017]
 
462
UF alto (singer)
 
462
UF contralto voice
 
562
BT female voice
 
562
BT low voice
 
 
162
amadinda    [pp2013015018]
 
462
UF madinda
 
562
BT xylophone
 
680
A log xylophone of the Ganda people of Uganda.
 
 
162
angklung (rattle)    [pp2013015019]
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
680
A tuned bamboo sliding rattle of Indonesia and Southeast Asia, or a set of such rattles.
 
 
162
angklung (xylophone)    [pp2013015020]
 
462
UF kechruk
 
562
BT xylophone
 
680
An East Javanese xylophone consisting of bamboo tubes in a frame.
 
 
162
Appalachian dulcimer    [pp2013015022]
 
462
UF American dulcimer
 
462
UF Appalachian mountain dulcimer
 
462
UF dulcimer, American
 
462
UF dulcimer, Appalachian
 
462
UF dulcimer, Kentucky
 
462
UF dulcimer, lap
 
462
UF dulcimer, mountain
 
462
UF dulcimer, plucked
 
462
UF Kentucky dulcimer
 
462
UF mountain dulcimer
 
462
UF lap dulcimer
 
462
UF plucked dulcimer
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
arará    [pp2013015023]
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A drum constructed by the Arará people of Cuba.
 
 
162
arcicembalo    [pp2013015026]
 
462
UF archicembalo
 
562
BT harpsichord
 
680
A harpsichord equipped with many divided keys, or a second manual, to allow more precise tuning of diatonic, chromatic, and enharmonic notes.
 
 
162
archiphone    [pp2013015024]
 
562
BT electronic organ
 
680
A microtonal electronic organ first built in 1970 in the Netherlands.
 
 
162
archlute    [pp2013015025]
 
462
UF archiluth
 
462
UF arcileuto
 
462
UF arciliuto
 
462
UF erzlaute
 
462
UF liuto attiorbato
 
562
BT lute
 
680
An extended-neck lute with two peg boxes that was principally used in the Baroque period, on which the upper courses are tuned like a Renaissance lute and the diapasons are tuned diatonically.
 
 
162
armpit squeezing    [pp2013015027]
 
562
BT aerophone
 
562
BT body percussion
 
680
A performer who traps air in his or her armpit and creates sound through a squeezing motion.
 
 
162
arpeggione    [pp2013015028]
 
462
UF bowed guitar
 
462
UF guitar violoncello
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A fretted bowed string instrument of the 19th century, tuned like a guitar.
 
 
162
atabaque    [pp2013015029]
 
462
UF tambor
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A large, narrow, single-headed conical drum from Brazil.
 
 
162
atenteben    [pp2013015031]
 
562
BT duct flute
 
680
An end-blown bamboo flute from Ghana.
 
 
162
audeharp    [pp2013015032]
 
562
BT harp
 
680
A wooden harp with sixty parallel strings in two planes that intersect near the middle.
 
 
162
audience    [pp2013015033]
 
562
BT ensemble
 
562
BT performer
 
680
One or more participants in the performance of a musical work, other than the performer(s) on stage or otherwise presenting the work.
 
 
162
aulos    [pp2013015034]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
An ancient Greek reed instrument typically played in pairs by one player.
 
 
162
autoharp    [pp2013015035]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
babadok    [pp2013015036]
 
462
UF babadok drum
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A small conical drum played by women in Timor-Leste.
 
 
162
baby rattle    [pp2013015037]
 
562
BT rattle
 
562
BT toy instrument
 
680
A toy rattle usually used to entertain infants, but sometimes used as a musical instrument.
 
 
162
bağlama    [pp2013015038]
 
562
BT saz
 
680
A Turkish long-necked lute.
 
 
162
bagpipe    [pp2013015039]
 
462
UF biniou
 
462
UF cornemuse (bagpipe)
 
462
UF musette (bagpipe)
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
bajo sexto    [pp2013015041]
 
562
BT guitar
 
680
A large 12-string Mexican guitar.
 
 
162
bālabān (double reed instrument)    [pp2013015042]
 
462
UF balaman (double reed instrument)
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A traditional cylindrical oboe of the Caucasas.
 
 
162
bālabān (single reed instrument)    [pp2013015043]
 
462
UF balaman (single-reed instrument)
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
680
A single reed instrument of the Uzbek and Tajik peoples of Central Asia.
 
 
162
balalaika    [pp2013015044]
 
462
UF balabayka
 
462
UF balalayka
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A Russian folk stringed instrument with a long neck and triangular body.
 
 
162
balalaika ensemble    [pp2013015846]
 
562
BT plucked instrument ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more balalaikas.
 
 
162
balalaika orchestra    [pp2013015832]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting largely or wholly of balalaikas and domras of different sizes, usually including other Russian or Ukrainian folk instruments, percussion, woodwinds, and one or more bayans.
 
 
162
balloon    [pp2013015045]
 
462
UF aerostat
 
562
BT aerophone
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
 
162
balo    [pp2013015046]
 
462
UF bala
 
462
UF balafo
 
462
UF balafon
 
462
UF balafou
 
462
UF balaphon
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
680
A West African gourd-resonated frame xylophone.
 
 
162
bambuso sonoro    [pp2013015047]
 
562
BT organ
 
680
An experimental bamboo organ designed by artist Hans van Koolwijk.
 
 
162
fairground organ    [pp2013015257]
 
462
UF band organ
 
462
UF fair organ
 
462
UF showground organ
 
562
BT mechanical organ
 
680
A mechanical organ used for outdoor entertainments and circuses.
 
 
162
bandoneon    [pp2013015049]
 
562
BT button-key accordion
 
680
A square button-key accordion popular in South America.
 
 
162
bandora    [pp2013015050]
 
462
UF pandora
 
462
UF pandore
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A plucked wire-strung bass instrument invented in England in the 16th century.
 
 
162
band    [pp2013015048]
 
462
UF concert band
 
462
UF military band
 
462
UF symphonic band
 
462
UF symphonic wind ensemble
 
462
UF symphonic winds
 
462
UF wind band
 
462
UF wind ensemble (band)
 
462
UF wind orchestra
 
462
UF wind symphony
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
A large ensemble consisting primarily of winds, brass, and percussion.
 
681
Reference under wind ensemble
 
 
162
bandura    [pp2013015051]
 
462
UF bandoura
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
680
A Ukrainian plucked-string instrument which combines elements of lute and zither construction.
 
 
162
bandurria    [pp2013015052]
 
462
UF bandola
 
462
UF mandurria
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A plucked string instrument from Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines.
 
 
162
banjo    [pp2013015053]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
banjo ukulele    [pp2013015054]
 
462
UF banjo uke
 
462
UF banjolele
 
462
UF banjouke
 
462
UF banjulele
 
462
UF ukulele banjo
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
An instrument combining a banjo body and ukulele tuning.
 
 
162
bānsurī    [pp2013015055]
 
462
UF baṃsarī
 
462
UF bāṃsurī
 
462
UF bānsrī
 
462
UF bā̃srī
 
462
UF bā̃surī
 
462
UF halur
 
462
UF husor
 
462
UF solor
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
One of various types of South Asian flutes.
 
 
162
baritone horn    [pp2013015056]
 
562
BT saxhorn
 
680
The baritone instrument of the saxhorn family, pitched in B♭. For the tenor of the tuba family see euphonium
 
681
Note under euphonium
 
 
162
baritone saxophone    [pp2013015057]
 
562
BT saxophone
 
 
162
baritone voice    [pp2013015058]
 
462
UF baritone (singer)
 
562
BT male voice
 
562
BT medium voice
 
 
162
Baroque lute    [pp2013015059]
 
562
BT lute
 
680
A lute popular in 17th-18th century Europe that has ten to thirteen courses, and the upper courses are tuned to an open D minor chord.
 
 
162
barrel organ    [pp2013015060]
 
462
UF Dutch organ
 
462
UF grinder organ
 
462
UF hand organ
 
462
UF street organ
 
562
BT mechanical organ
 
680
A small organ played chiefly by street musicians, in which a barrel with pins or staples is activated by a hand crank.
 
 
162
barrel piano    [pp2013015061]
 
462
UF cylinder piano
 
462
UF pianette
 
462
UF piano organ
 
462
UF street piano
 
562
BT mechanical piano
 
680
A mechanical piano activated by a hand crank, with a pinned barrel or cylinder, played chiefly by street musicians.
 
 
162
baryton    [pp2013015062]
 
462
UF bariton
 
462
UF barydon
 
462
UF lyra bastarda
 
462
UF paradon
 
462
UF paridon
 
462
UF pariton
 
462
UF viola di bordone
 
462
UF viola paredon
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
An 18th century bowed string instrument similar to the bass viol, but with the addition of sympathetic wire strings which could also be plucked with the left thumb.
 
 
162
bass-baritone voice    [pp2013015063]
 
462
UF bass-baritone (singer)
 
562
BT low voice
 
562
BT male voice
 
 
162
bass clarinet    [pp2013015064]
 
562
BT clarinet
 
 
162
bass drum    [pp2013015065]
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
bass flute    [pp2013015066]
 
562
BT flute
 
680
A flute pitched in C, an octave below the concert flute.
 
 
162
bass guitar    [pp2013015067]
 
462
UF bass, electric
 
462
UF bass (electric guitar)
 
462
UF electric bass guitar
 
562
BT electric guitar
 
 
162
bass recorder    [pp2013015068]
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
bass saxophone    [pp2013015069]
 
562
BT saxophone
 
 
162
bass trombone    [pp2013015070]
 
562
BT trombone
 
 
162
bass voice    [pp2013015071]
 
462
UF bass (singer)
 
562
BT low voice
 
562
BT male voice
 
 
162
basset clarinet    [pp2013015072]
 
562
BT clarinet
 
680
A clarinet similar to the soprano clarinet but with an extended lower range.
 
 
162
basset horn    [pp2013015073]
 
562
BT clarinet
 
 
162
bassoon    [pp2013015074]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
batá    [pp2013015075]
 
562
BT hourglass drum
 
680
A double-headed hourglass drum of the Afro-Cuban Lucumí cult.
 
 
162
bayan    [pp2013015076]
 
462
UF bajan
 
562
BT button-key accordion
 
680
A Russian chromatic button-key accordion developed in the 20th century.
 
 
162
begena    [pp2013015078]
 
462
UF baganā
 
462
UF beganna
 
562
BT lyre
 
680
An Ethiopian lyre with a box resonator.
 
 
162
bell    [pp2013015079]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
berimbau    [pp2013015080]
 
462
UF berimbao
 
462
UF berimbau de barriga
 
462
UF urucungu
 
562
BT musical bow
 
562
BT struck string instrument
 
680
A single-string Brazilian musical bow with a gourd resonator that is played with a stick.
 
 
162
bian zhong    [pp2013015081]
 
462
UF pien chung
 
562
BT bell
 
680
A set of bronze bells of China.
 
 
162
bichromatic harmonium    [pp2013015082]
 
462
UF harmonium, bichromatic
 
562
BT reed organ
 
680
A quarter-tone harmonium invented by Willi von Möllendorff in the early 20th century.
 
 
162
big band    [pp2013015083]
 
462
UF big jazz band
 
462
UF dance band
 
462
UF jazz band
 
462
UF jazz orchestra
 
462
UF stage band
 
562
BT band
 
680
A band generally of 10-15 solo instruments, predominantly winds, and sometimes including a vocalist, that performs jazz and popular music for social dancing.
 
 
162
bilo    [pp2013015084]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
An ancient Russian percussion plaque or disc that is suspended from a tree.
 
 
162
birbynė    [pp2013015085]
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
680
A single-reed folk instrument of Lithuania.
 
 
162
biwa    [pp2013015086]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A pear-shaped Japanese lute.
 
 
162
blul    [pp2013015087]
 
462
UF blur
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A Kurdish and Armenian open wooden end-blown flute.
 
 
162
bodhrán    [pp2013015088]
 
562
BT frame drum
 
 
162
body percussion    [pp2013015090]
 
562
BT concussion idiophone
 
680
A performer who creates percussive sounds using body movements and body parts exclusively.
 
 
162
body slapping    [pp2013015089]
 
562
BT body percussion
 
 
162
bonang    [pp2013015091]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A gamelan instrument consisting of two rows of horizontal gong-kettles played with two sticks.
 
 
162
bones    [pp2013015092]
 
562
BT clapper (percussion)
 
680
A folk clapper consisting of a pair of animal bones, or pieces of wood or similar material, held between the fingers.
 
 
162
bongos    [pp2013015093]
 
462
UF bongo drum
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A pair of small Afro-Cuban single headed drums with hardwood shells.
 
 
162
bonkó    [pp2013015094]
 
462
UF bonkó-enchemiyá
 
462
UF enchemí
 
562
BT drum
 
680
One of four drums in the ensemble associated with the Afro-Cuban Abakwá cult.
 
 
162
border pipes    [pp2013015095]
 
462
UF border bagpipes
 
462
UF borderpipes
 
462
UF lowland bagpipes
 
462
UF lowland pipes
 
462
UF cauld wind bagpipes
 
462
UF cauld wind pipes
 
462
UF pipes, cauld wind
 
462
UF pipes, lowland
 
462
UF pipes, Scotish lowland
 
462
UF Scottish lowland bagpipes
 
462
UF Scottish lowland pipes
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
680
A bellows-blown bagpipe of the Scottish lowlands.
 
 
162
bouzouki    [pp2013015096]
 
462
UF bouzoukee
 
462
UF buzuki
 
462
UF buzuq
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A plucked long-necked lute of the Mediterranean Region.
 
 
162
bowed lute    [pp2013015097]
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
680
An unspecified bowed string instrument of the Sachs-Hornbostel lute classification.
 
681
Reference under lute
 
 
162
bowed string instrument    [pp2013015098]
 
462
UF bowed instrument
 
462
UF bowed stringed instrument
 
462
UF bowed strings
 
462
UF fretted instrument
 
462
UF lira
 
462
UF lyra
 
562
BT friction instrument
 
562
BT string instrument
 
680
An unspecified string instrument played with a bow.
 
681
Note under string instrument
 
 
162
boy soprano voice    [pp2013015099]
 
462
UF boy soprano (singer)
 
462
UF soprano, boy (singer)
 
462
UF treble voice
 
562
BT child soprano voice
 
562
BT male voice
 
 
162
brass band    [pp2013015100]
 
562
BT band
 
680
A large ensemble consisting of brass instruments and sometimes percussion.
 
 
162
brass ensemble    [pp2013015101]
 
462
UF brass choir
 
462
UF brass instrument ensemble
 
462
UF brass instruments
 
562
BT wind ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of diverse brass instruments that cannot be described by a more specific term.
 
681
Reference under wind ensemble
 
 
162
brass instrument    [pp2013015102]
 
562
BT wind instrument
 
680
An unspecified brass instrument.
 
 
162
bronze drum    [pp2013015103]
 
462
UF bronze kettledrum
 
462
UF drum, bronze
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A drum with a bronze tympanum instead of a skin head.
 
 
162
bugle    [pp2013015104]
 
562
BT natural horn
 
 
162
bulbultarang    [pp2013015105]
 
462
UF bulbul tarang
 
562
BT zither
 
680
An Indian zither with a button keyboard.
 
 
162
bull-roarer    [pp2013015106]
 
462
UF bullroarer
 
562
BT free aerophone
 
680
An instrument consisting of a flat, narrow, elongated object attached to a string that is whirled overhead.
 
 
162
bumbass    [pp2013015107]
 
462
UF basse de Flandre
 
462
UF bladder and string
 
462
UF bladder fiddle
 
462
UF bumba
 
462
UF fiddle, bladder
 
462
UF Flandre, basse de
 
462
UF poispil
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
562
BT stick zither
 
680
A European folk instrument consisting of a single gut string fastened to a curved stick with an animal-bladder resonator.
 
 
162
button-key accordion    [pp2013015108]
 
462
UF button accordion
 
462
UF button box (accordion)
 
462
UF squeezebox
 
562
BT accordion
 
 
162
cabaca    [pp2013015109]
 
462
UF agbe
 
462
UF aggüé
 
462
UF atcheré
 
462
UF chekeré
 
462
UF guiro (rattle)
 
462
UF sekere
 
462
UF shekeré
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
 
162
cajón    [pp2013015110]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A Latin American wooden box drum played with the hands.
 
 
162
calichon    [pp2013015831]
 
462
UF calachon
 
462
UF calascione
 
462
UF calchedon
 
462
UF callichone
 
462
UF colachon
 
462
UF galizona
 
462
UF gallichone
 
462
UF gallichon
 
462
UF gallizona
 
462
UF mandora
 
462
UF mandorlauten
 
462
UF colascione (bass lute)
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A bass lute with six to eight courses used primarily for continuo in 18th and 19th century Germany, Austria, and Bohemia.
 
 
162
calliope    [pp2013015111]
 
562
BT mechanical organ
 
680
An outdoor mechanical musical instrument consisting of tuned steam whistles.
 
 
162
campanula    [pp2013015112]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A modern bowed string instrument invented by Helmut Bleffert that is like a cello but with 16 additional resonating strings.
 
 
162
carillon    [pp2013015113]
 
562
BT bell
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
 
162
castanets    [pp2013015114]
 
562
BT concussion idiophone
 
 
162
catá    [pp2013015115]
 
462
UF hueco
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A Cuban percussion instrument consisting of a hollowed-out tree trunk open at both ends and struck with wooden sticks.
 
 
162
cavaquinho    [pp2013015116]
 
462
UF braga
 
462
UF braguinha
 
462
UF machada
 
462
UF machete
 
462
UF machete-de-braga
 
462
UF machetinho
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A small four-stringed plucked instrument of Portugal and Brazil.
 
 
162
celebrant    [pp2013015117]
 
562
BT performer
 
680
A performer who celebrates a rite or special occasion and is explicitly required in the performance of a musical work.
 
 
162
celesta    [pp2013015118]
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
cell phone    [pp2013015119]
 
462
UF mobile phone
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
680
A mobile phone used as a musical instrument that is explicitly required in the performance of a musical work.
 
 
162
cello    [pp2013015120]
 
462
UF bass violin
 
462
UF violoncello
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
cello ensemble    [pp2013015121]
 
462
UF cello choir
 
562
BT bowed string ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more cellos.
 
 
162
cellone    [pp2013015122]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A large cello-like instrument tuned a fourth lower than the cello.
 
 
162
Irish harp    [pp2013015356]
 
462
UF Celtic harp
 
462
UF Gaelic harp
 
462
UF Scottish harp
 
462
UF Welsh harp
 
562
BT harp
 
680
Use for a variety of small, gut-string harps used in Celtic or Celtic-derived music.
 
 
162
cembal d'amour    [pp2013015123]
 
562
BT clavichord
 
680
A large clavichord on which the strings are struck by tangents at their precise mid-point.
 
 
162
ceṇḍa    [pp2013015830]
 
462
UF ceṇḍe
 
462
UF ceṇṭā
 
462
UF chande
 
462
UF chenda
 
462
UF cheṇḍamēḷaṃ
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A cylindrical drum used widely in the Kerala and Karnataka states of India.
 
 
162
čhakhē    [pp2013015124]
 
462
UF ja-kae
 
462
UF jàkhây
 
462
UF jakhē
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT tube zither
 
680
A plucked zither of Thailand with three strings, two made of silk and the third of brass.
 
 
162
chalumeau    [pp2013015125]
 
462
UF mock trumpet
 
462
UF trumpet, mock
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
680
A single-reed instrument related to the clarinet.
 
 
162
chamadron    [pp2013015126]
 
562
BT organ
 
680
A organ consisting of reed pipes projected horizontally through louvers in a church tower that was invented in the 20th century.
 
681
Reference under orchestra
 
 
162
chamber orchestra    [pp2013015127]
 
562
BT orchestra
 
681
Reference under orchestra
 
 
162
chamber organ    [pp2013015128]
 
462
UF cabinet organ
 
562
BT organ
 
 
162
changgo    [pp2013015129]
 
462
UF chang go
 
462
UF changgu
 
462
UF seyo go
 
462
UF sŏlchanggo
 
562
BT hourglass drum
 
680
A double-headed hourglass drum from Korea.
 
 
162
changing voice    [pp2013015130]
 
462
UF cambiata voice
 
562
BT male voice
 
680
A male adolescent singer whose voice is in the process of changing.
 
 
162
charango    [pp2013015131]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A small fretted plucked-string instrument of the Andean region with a bowl made of an armadillo shell or of wood shaped like an armadillo shell.
 
 
162
chiboni    [pp2013015133]
 
462
UF chimoni
 
462
UF čiboni
 
462
UF gudastviri
 
462
UF stviri
 
462
UF tulum
 
462
UF tulumi
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
680
A droneless bagpipe from the Caucasus region.
 
 
162
child soprano voice    [pp2013015134]
 
462
UF child soprano (singer)
 
462
UF soprano, child (singer)
 
562
BT child's voice
 
562
BT high voice
 
 
162
children’s chorus    [pp2013015135]
 
562
BT chorus
 
 
162
child's voice    [pp2013015136]
 
462
UF child (singer)
 
562
BT singer
 
 
162
chimes    [pp2013015137]
 
562
BT bell
 
680
An unspecified set of chimes.
 
 
162
ching (cymbals)    [pp2013015138]
 
562
BT concussion idiophone
 
680
A small pair of hand cymbals from Southeast Asia.
 
 
162
ching (gong)    [pp2013015139]
 
562
BT gong
 
680
A large flat bronze gong of Korea.
 
 
162
chipendani    [pp2013015140]
 
462
UF tshipendani
 
562
BT mouth bow
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
680
A mouth-resonated musical bow of the Shona people of Zimbabwe.
 
 
162
chirimía    [pp2013015141]
 
462
UF chirisuya
 
462
UF xirimía
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A double-reed folk instrument played in Spain and Latin America.
 
 
162
chitarra battente    [pp2013015142]
 
462
UF guitare en bateau
 
562
BT guitar
 
680
A five-course metal-strung guitar of 17th and 18th century Italy.
 
 
162
chorus changing voices    [pp2013015144]
 
562
BT chorus
 
 
162
chorus    [pp2013015143]
 
680
An unspecified chorus of voices.
 
562
BT vocal ensemble
 
 
162
cigar box guitar    [pp2013015148]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A guitar-like instrument that has an empty cigar box as a resonator.
 
 
162
cimbalom    [pp2013015149]
 
462
UF cymbal (cimbalom)
 
462
UF cymbalom
 
462
UF cymbalum
 
462
UF hammered dulcimer, Hungarian
 
462
UF Hungarian hammered dulcimer
 
462
UF kimbalom
 
462
UF tsymbaly
 
562
BT dulcimer
 
680
A Hungarian hammered dulcimer used in both folk and concert music.
 
 
162
citaharp    [pp2013015150]
 
562
BT zither
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
680
A zither produced by the Audet Music Co. of Boston in the early 20th century.
 
 
162
cithara    [pp2013015151]
 
462
UF kithara
 
562
BT lyre
 
680
A large lyre from ancient Greece.
 
 
162
cittern    [pp2013015152]
 
462
UF citharen
 
462
UF cithren
 
462
UF cittharn
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A wire-strung plucked instrument popular in 16th and 17th century Europe.
 
 
162
clapper (percussion)    [pp2013015153]
 
562
BT concussion idiophone
 
680
A general term for a percussion instrument that consists of two objects that clap together.
 
 
162
clapsticks    [pp2013015845]
(C)
462
UF bilma
 
462
UF boomerang clapsticks
 
462
UF clap-sticks
 
462
UF clapping sticks
 
462
UF musicsticks
 
562
BT concussion idiophone
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
An Aboriginal Australian percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hardwood sticks that are struck together.
 
 
162
clarinet    [pp2013015154]
 
462
UF clarionet
 
462
UF primer clarinet
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
 
162
clarinet choir    [pp2013015837]
 
462
UF clarinet ensemble
 
562
BT woodwind ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more clarinets.
 
 
162
clarinette d'amour    [pp2013015155]
 
462
UF clarinet d'amour
 
462
UF clarinetto d'amore
 
562
BT clarinet
 
 
162
claves    [pp2013015156]
 
562
BT concussion idiophone
 
680
A Latin American percussion instrument consisting of a pair of short, thick, hardwood sticks that are struck together.
 
 
162
claviharpe    [pp2013015160]
 
462
UF clavi-harp
 
462
UF keyed harp
 
562
BT harp
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
680
A 19th century instrument that combines a harp with a keyboard.
 
 
162
clavichord    [pp2013015157]
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT struck string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A European keyboard instrument on which the strings are struck by tangents.
 
 
162
clavicylinder    [pp2013015158]
 
462
UF euphonium (clavicylinder)
 
462
UF Klavizylinder
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
680
A keyboard instrument invented in 1799 that sounds when curved metal rods attached to the keys contact a rotating wet glass cylinder.
 
 
162
clavicytherium    [pp2013015159]
 
462
UF cembalo verticale
 
462
UF clavecin vertical
 
462
UF klaviziterium
 
462
UF klavizitherium
 
562
BT harpsichord
 
680
An upright harpsichord with vertical soundboard.
 
 
162
clavioline    [pp2013015161]
 
562
BT electronic keyboard
 
680
An electronic keyboard instrument invented in 1947 that was a forerunner to the analog synthesizer.
 
 
162
claviorgan    [pp2013015162]
 
462
UF claviorganum
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
An instrument combining a harpsichord and an organ, in which the strings and pipes sound together.
 
 
162
clock chimes    [pp2013015163]
 
462
UF bell, clock chime
 
462
UF bell, tower clock
 
462
UF chiming clock
 
462
UF clock chime bell
 
462
UF tower clock bell
 
562
BT chimes
 
562
BT mechanical instrument
 
680
A clock equipped with carillon or other chiming mechanism. For a clock equipped with a mechanical organ use musical clock.
 
681
Note under musical clock
 
 
162
cloud chamber bowls    [pp2013015164]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
An instrument invented by Harry Partch that consists of tuned glass bowls suspended in a frame.
 
 
162
colascione    [pp2013015165]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
An Italian long-neck lute derived from the Middle Eastern ṭanbūr, in which two or three courses of strings are played with a plectrum.
 
 
162
computer    [pp2013015166]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
680
A computer that is explicitly required in the performance of a musical work.
 
 
162
computer printer    [pp2013015167]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
680
A printer activated by a computer and used as medium of performance.
 
 
162
concertina    [pp2013015168]
 
462
UF squashbox
 
562
BT button-key accordion
 
680
A button-key accordion on which the button motion is in the same direction as that of the bellows.
 
 
162
concertina ensemble    [pp2013015169]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more concertinas.
 
 
162
concussion idiophone    [pp2013015170]
 
562
BT struck idiophone
 
680
An idiophone that consists of two or more complimentary sonorous parts struck against each other.
 
 
162
conductor    [pp2013015171]
 
462
UF director, music
 
462
UF music conductor
 
462
UF music director
 
562
BT performer
 
680
A conductor who is also a performer, as explicitly stated by the composer.
 
 
162
conga    [pp2013015172]
 
462
UF conga drum
 
462
UF tumbadora
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A tall, narrow, single-headed Afro-Cuban drum.
 
 
162
continuo    [pp2013015173]
 
462
UF basso continuo
 
462
UF figured bass
 
462
UF thoroughbass
 
462
UF through bass
 
562
BT ensemble
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An instrumental practice of the 17th and 18th centuries in which one or more instruments improvise a chordal accompaniment from a written bass line.
 
 
162
contra-alto clarinet    [pp2013015175]
 
462
UF contralto clarinet
 
562
BT clarinet
 
680
An instrument of the clarinet family pitched in E♭, a fourth higher than the contrabass clarinet.
 
 
162
contrabass clarinet    [pp2013015176]
 
462
UF contra-bass clarinet
 
462
UF pedal clarinet
 
562
BT clarinet
 
680
An instrument of the clarinet family pitched two octaves below the soprano clarinet.
 
 
162
contrabass flute    [pp2013015177]
 
562
BT flute
 
 
162
contrabass recorder    [pp2013015178]
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
contrabass saxophone    [pp2013015179]
 
562
BT saxophone
 
 
162
contrabassoon    [pp2013015180]
 
462
UF double bassoon
 
562
BT bassoon
 
 
162
cornamusa    [pp2014015001]
 
462
UF cornemuse (cornamusa)
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
cornet    [pp2013015183]
 
462
UF cornopean
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
680
A valved brass instrument of contralto or soprano pitch that was developed in the late 1820s.
 
 
162
cornet ensemble    [pp2013015184]
 
562
BT brass ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more cornets.
 
 
162
cornett    [pp2013015185]
 
462
UF cornaboux
 
462
UF cornet à bouquin
 
462
UF corneta
 
462
UF cornetto
 
462
UF zink
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
680
An wind instrument popular in the 16th and 17th centuries that consists of a conical wooden pipe with finger holes and a cup mouthpiece.
 
 
162
countertenor voice    [pp2013015186]
 
462
UF countertenor (singer)
 
562
BT male voice
 
 
162
cowbell    [pp2013015187]
 
562
BT bell
 
680
A percussion instrument similar to bells worn by livestock, but without a clapper.
 
 
162
cristal    [pp2013015188]
 
462
UF Cristal Baschet
 
462
UF crystal organ
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
680
A musical instrument constructed of glass rods attached to tuned metal stems that are sounded by the friction of moistened fingers rubbed on the glass.
 
 
162
crotales    [pp2013015189]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
Small cymbals tuned to a definite pitch.
 
 
162
crumhorn    [pp2013015190]
 
462
UF cromorne
 
462
UF krummhorn
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A capped double-reed instrument most commonly used in Renaissance Europe.
 
 
162
crwth    [pp2013015191]
 
462
UF crot
 
462
UF crouth
 
462
UF crowd (crwth)
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
562
BT lyre
 
680
A Welsh lyre that has been bowed since the 11th century.
 
 
162
csakan    [pp2013015192]
 
462
UF csákány
 
562
BT recorder
 
680
A walking stick recorder originating around Vienna in the early 19th century.
 
 
162
cuatro    [pp2013015193]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
Any of several distinct Latin American or Carribean instruments of the guitar family.
 
 
162
cuíca    [pp2013015194]
 
462
UF puíta
 
462
UF quíca
 
562
BT friction drum
 
680
A Brazilian friction drum whose pitch can be changed by applying varying pressure to the drum head.
 
 
162
cymbal    [pp2013015195]
 
562
BT concussion idiophone
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A single cymbal suspended on a stand, or a pair of cymbals struck together.
 
 
162
da tong    [pp2013015196]
 
562
BT er hu
 
680
A type of er hu used in performances of Hunan flower drum drama.
 
 
162
damba    [pp2013015198]
 
562
BT hourglass drum
 
680
A Ghanaian hourglass drum played at the damba festival.
 
 
162
đàn bâù    [pp2013015199]
 
462
UF đàn độc huyền
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A single-string zither of Vietnam.
 
 
162
đàn tranh    [pp2013015200]
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A 16-string board zither of Vietnam.
 
 
162
dancer    [pp2013015202]
 
680
A dancer who is explicitly required by the composer for the performance of a musical work.
 
562
BT performer
 
 
162
daff    [pp2013015197]
 
462
UF daf
 
462
UF ḍaph
 
462
UF duff
 
562
BT frame drum
 
680
A round single-headed frame drum from the Middle East and North Africa.
 
 
162
darabukka    [pp2013015203]
 
462
UF darabuke
 
462
UF darboukka
 
462
UF darbuga
 
462
UF darbuka
 
462
UF darbukka
 
462
UF derabucca
 
462
UF derbouka
 
462
UF derbuga
 
462
UF derbukka
 
462
UF dumbek
 
562
BT goblet drum
 
680
A single-headed goblet drum found in the Middle East and North Africa.
 
 
162
daxophone    [pp2013015204]
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
680
A bowed idiophone consisting of a narrow, flat strip of wood anchored at one end, invented by Hans Reichel in the 1980s.
 
 
162
dhimay    [pp2013015205]
 
462
UF dhime
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A double-headed cylindrical drum from Nepal.
 
 
162
dholi    [pp2013015206]
 
462
UF daule
 
462
UF davul
 
462
UF dhol (Caucasian drum)
 
462
UF dohol
 
462
UF doli
 
462
UF doul
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A Caucasian and Middle Eastern double-headed cylindrical drum with laced heads.
 
 
162
di zi    [pp2013015207]
 
462
UF di
 
462
UF dizi
 
462
UF ti-tse
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A Chinese transverse flute.
 
 
162
skrzypce    [pp2013015655]
 
462
UF diabelskie skrzypce
 
462
UF devil's fiddle
 
462
UF devil's violin
 
462
UF diable skrzype
 
462
UF fiddle, devil's
 
562
BT violin
 
 
162
diddley bow    [pp2013015208]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A single-string zither of the rural American South.
 
 
162
didjeridu    [pp2013015209]
 
462
UF didgeridoo
 
462
UF didjeridoo
 
462
UF digeridoo
 
462
UF dijiridu
 
562
BT natural horn
 
680
An Aboriginal Australian brass instrument.
 
 
162
digital player piano    [pp2013015210]
 
462
UF hybrid piano
 
462
UF recording and reproducing piano
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT player piano
 
680
An acoustic piano with added digital technology allowing for recording and playback of piano performances, as in a player piano.
 
 
162
dilrubā    [pp2013015211]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A long-necked, fretted fiddle of Northern India and Pakistan.
 
 
162
djembe    [pp2013015212]
 
462
UF jembe
 
462
UF jenbe
 
562
BT goblet drum
 
680
An African goat skin goblet drum played with bare hands.
 
 
162
resonator guitar    [pp2013015601]
 
462
UF dobro
 
462
UF resophonic guitar
 
562
BT guitar
 
 
162
dolceola    [pp2013015838]
 
462
UF dulceola
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A zither with a keyboard manufactured in the early 20th century.
 
 
162
dömbra    [pp2013015214]
 
462
UF dombira
 
462
UF dumbrak
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A long-necked two-string plucked lute of Central Asia.
 
 
162
domra    [pp2013015215]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A long-necked plucked lute of Russia with a round body and three or four strings.
 
 
162
double bass    [pp2013015216]
 
462
UF bass (stringed instrument)
 
462
UF bass viol
 
462
UF contrabass
 
462
UF stand-up bass
 
462
UF string bass
 
462
UF upright bass
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
double reed instrument    [pp2013015217]
 
562
BT reed instrument
 
680
An unspecified double reed instrument.
 
 
162
drum    [pp2013015218]
 
562
BT membranophone
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
680
An unspecified drum.
 
 
162
drum and bugle corps    [pp2013015219]
 
462
UF corps, drum and bugle
 
462
UF drum corps
 
562
BT band
 
680
A musical marching ensemble consisting of brass instruments, percussion instruments, and color guard, but excluding woodwind instruments.
 
 
162
drum circle    [pp2013015220]
 
562
BT percussion ensemble
 
680
A group of people informally gathered, usually in a circle, who play improvised rhythms on world percussion instruments.
 
 
162
drum machine    [pp2013015221]
 
462
UF electronic drum
 
462
UF electronic percussion
 
462
UF preset rhythm machine
 
462
UF rhythm machine
 
462
UF sampling drum machine
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
680
Any of a broad range of electronic instruments that combine the functions of the synthesizer and the sequencer in a way specially adapted to the generation of polyphonic percussion patterns.
 
 
162
drum set    [pp2013015222]
 
462
UF drum kit
 
462
UF drumset
 
462
UF trap kit
 
462
UF trap set
 
462
UF traps
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
680
A collection of percussion instruments played by a single player, typically consisting of a snare drum, kick drum, tom-toms, hi-hat, and cymbals.
 
 
162
duct flute    [pp2013015223]
 
562
BT edge-blown instrument
 
680
An unspecified wind instrument on which a narrow duct directs the air stream against a sharp edge.
 
681
Reference under flute
 
 
162
ductless flute    [pp2013015224]
 
562
BT edge-blown instrument
 
680
An unspecified wind instrument that does not have an air duct, and instead the player creates a ribbon-shaped stream of air with the lips.
 
681
Reference under flute
 
 
162
duduk (double reed instrument)    [pp2013015225]
 
462
UF duduki
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A double-reed instrument of ancient Armenian origin.
 
 
162
dudy    [pp2013015226]
 
462
UF dude
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
680
A bagpipe found in Poland and Czech Republic.
 
 
162
dulcian    [pp2013015227]
 
462
UF curtal
 
462
UF dolcian
 
462
UF dolcino
 
462
UF dolzoni
 
462
UF dulzian
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A Renaissance double-reed in one piece, the predecessor of the modern bassoon.
 
 
162
dulcimer    [pp2013015228]
 
462
UF Hackbrett
 
462
UF hammer dulcimer
 
462
UF hammered dulcimer
 
462
UF salterio
 
562
BT struck string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A zither whose strings are sounded by striking with hammers.
 
 
162
dulcimer ensemble    [pp2013015229]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more dulcimers.
 
 
162
dulcitone    [pp2013015230]
 
462
UF tuning fork piano
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A tuning fork piano created by Thomas Machell in the late 19th century.
 
 
162
dulzaina    [pp2013015231]
 
462
UF bolingozo
 
462
UF dolçaina
 
462
UF dolzaina
 
462
UF dultzaina
 
462
UF pito
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A double-reed folk instrument of Spain and the Basque region.
 
 
162
dümbelek    [pp2013015232]
 
462
UF deblek
 
462
UF dumbeg
 
462
UF dümbek
 
562
BT goblet drum
 
680
A single-headed goblet drum of Syria and Turkey.
 
 
162
dutār    [pp2013015233]
 
462
UF dotār
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
Any one of various types of long-neck fretted lutes of the Middle East and Central Asia.
 
 
162
dvorgrle    [pp2013015234]
 
462
UF dvogrla
 
462
UF dvogrle
 
462
UF dvorgrla
 
562
BT duct flute
 
680
A double flute of Herzegovina.
 
 
162
edge-blown instrument    [pp2013015235]
 
562
BT woodwind instrument
 
680
A woodwind instrument whose sound is created by blowing across an edge.
 
 
162
ekón    [pp2013015236]
 
462
UF banká
 
462
UF ekong
 
562
BT bell
 
680
A bell made from two pieces of metal, lacking a clapper, and struck on the outside, used by the Afro-Cuban Abakwá people.
 
 
162
ekue    [pp2013015237]
 
562
BT friction drum
 
680
An Afro-Cuban single-headed friction drum with a loose shaft.
 
 
162
electric cello    [pp2013015238]
 
462
UF e-cello
 
462
UF electronic violoncello
 
562
BT cello
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
electric guitar    [pp2013015239]
 
462
UF acoustic guitar, electric
 
462
UF e-guitar
 
462
UF electric acoustic guitar
 
462
UF electro-acoustic guitar
 
462
UF electroacoustic guitar
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT guitar
 
680
An acoustic or solid-bodied guitar that is electronically amplified.
 
 
162
electric violin    [pp2013015240]
 
462
UF e-violin
 
462
UF electronic violin
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT violin
 
680
An acoustic or solid-bodied violin that is electronically amplified.
 
 
162
electronic harpsichord    [pp2013015241]
 
462
UF digital harpsichord
 
462
UF electric harpsichord
 
462
UF MIDI-harpsichord
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT harpsichord
 
 
162
electronic instrument    [pp2013015244]
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An instrument that produces sounds by outputting an electric audio signal.
 
 
162
electronic keyboard ensemble    [pp2013015243]
 
562
BT electronics
 
562
BT keyboard ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more electronic keyboards.
 
 
162
electronic keyboard    [pp2013015242]
 
462
UF digital keyboard
 
462
UF keyboard synthesizer
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT synthesizer
 
 
162
electronic organ    [pp2013015245]
 
462
UF electric organ
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT organ
 
680
An organ that produces sounds only through electronic means, or that has electroacoustical or electromechanical elements.
 
 
162
electronic organ ensemble    [pp2013015246]
 
562
BT keyboard ensemble
 
 
162
electronic piano    [pp2013015247]
 
462
UF digital piano
 
462
UF electric piano
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
680
A piano that produces sounds through digital oscillators or through digital synthesis.
 
 
162
electronics    [pp2013015248]
 
462
UF tape (electronics)
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
Unspecified electronic sounds, either produced live or from a recording.
 
 
162
electronium    [pp2013015249]
 
462
UF elektronium
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
 
162
English guitar    [pp2013015250]
 
462
UF cetra
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
English horn    [pp2013015251]
 
462
UF cor anglais
 
462
UF tenor oboe
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
ensemble    [pp2013015252]
 
680
A group that is not named according to number of performers or a more specific medium of performance.
 
 
162
epinette des Vosges    [pp2013015253]
 
462
UF bûche
 
462
UF epinette de Vosges
 
462
UF Vosges, epinette des
 
562
BT psaltery
 
 
162
equal voices    [pp2013015254]
 
562
BT chorus
 
680
A chorus in which all the voices parts are for one type of voice.
 
 
162
er hu    [pp2013015255]
 
462
UF erhu
 
562
BT hu qin
 
 
162
euphonium    [pp2013015256]
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
680
The tenor instrument of the tuba family. For the baritone of the saxhorn family see baritone horn.
 
681
Note under baritone horn
 
 
162
fêli    [pp2013015258]
 
562
BT goblet drum
 
680
A single-headed goblet drum with attached metal rattles.
 
 
162
female voice    [pp2013015259]
 
462
UF woman's voice
 
562
BT singer
 
 
162
fiddle    [pp2013015260]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
fife    [pp2013015261]
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
fife and drum corps    [pp2013015262]
 
462
UF corps, drum and fife
 
462
UF corps, fife and drum
 
462
UF drum and fife corps
 
462
UF fife and drum band
 
562
BT band
 
 
162
finger cymbals    [pp2013015263]
 
462
UF zilia
 
462
UF zils
 
562
BT concussion idiophone
 
 
162
finger snapping    [pp2013015264]
 
562
BT body percussion
 
 
162
flageolet    [pp2013015265]
 
562
BT duct flute
 
 
162
flaviol    [pp2013015266]
 
462
UF fabiol
 
462
UF flabiol
 
462
UF fluviol
 
562
BT pipe (musical instrument)
 
 
162
flugelhorn    [pp2013015267]
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
 
162
flute    [pp2013015268]
 
462
UF Boehm flute
 
462
UF concert flute
 
462
UF transverse flute
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
The flute of European art music. For generic uses of flute see ductless flute or duct flute.
 
 
162
flute choir    [pp2013015839]
 
462
UF flute ensemble
 
562
BT woodwind ensemble
 
680
An ensemble of two or more flutes of any type.
 
 
162
foot tapping    [pp2013015840]
 
462
UF clapping, foot
 
462
UF foot clapping
 
462
UF foot percussion
 
462
UF podorhythm
 
462
UF tapping, foot
 
562
BT body percussion
 
 
162
frame drum    [pp2013015269]
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A struck drum, with or without handles, in which the depth of the body does not exceed the circumference of the membrane.
 
 
162
free aerophone    [pp2013015270]
 
562
BT aerophone
 
680
An aerophone in which the vibrating air is not confined by the instrument.
 
 
162
free reed instrument    [pp2013015271]
 
562
BT aerophone
 
680
An instrument in which the reeds move freely at one end, not overlapping any opening.
 
 
162
friction drum    [pp2013015272]
 
562
BT drum
 
562
BT friction instrument
 
680
A drum in which the membrane is made to vibrate through direct or indirect friction.
 
 
162
friction idiophone    [pp2013015273]
 
562
BT idiophone
 
562
BT friction instrument
 
 
162
friction instrument    [pp2013015274]
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An instrument sounded by the use of direct or indirect friction to the instrument itself.
 
 
162
gaita (bagpipe)    [pp2013015276]
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
 
162
gaita (pipe)    [pp2013015277]
 
462
UF flauta pastoril
 
562
BT pipe (musical instrument)
 
 
162
galoubet    [pp2013015278]
 
462
UF jombarde
 
462
UF txistu
 
562
BT pipe (musical instrument)
 
 
162
gambang    [pp2013015279]
 
562
BT xylophone
 
680
A wooden or bamboo xylophone of Malaysia and Indonesia.
 
 
162
gamelan    [pp2013015280]
 
462
UF gamelan gegenggongan
 
462
UF gamelan genggong
 
462
UF gamelang
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble from Bali, Java, and the surrounding areas consisting of various gongs, metallophones and drums.
 
 
162
gamelan degung    [pp2013015281]
 
562
BT gamelan
 
680
A small gamelan ensemble from Sunda.
 
 
162
gamelan gong gede    [pp2013015282]
 
462
UF gong gede
 
562
BT gamelan
 
680
A large gamelan ensemble associated with Balinese temples and old court ceremonies.
 
 
162
gamelan gong kebyar    [pp2013015283]
 
462
UF gong kebyar
 
562
BT gamelan
 
680
A 20th century gamelan from North Bali.
 
 
162
gamelan jegog    [pp2013015284]
 
462
UF jegog
 
562
BT gamelan
 
680
A gamelan consisting of bamboo xylophones from West Bali.
 
 
162
gamelan joged bumbung    [pp2013015285]
 
462
UF gamelan pajogedan
 
462
UF joged bumbung
 
462
UF pejogedan bumbung
 
562
BT gamelan
 
680
A gamelan consisting of four or more tingklik with added flutes, drums and gong, used to accompany social dance.
 
 
162
gamelan semar pegulingan    [pp2013015286]
 
462
UF gamelan semar pagulingan
 
462
UF semar pagulingan
 
462
UF semar pegulingan
 
562
BT gamelan
 
680
A court gamelan from Bali.
 
 
162
gao hu    [pp2013015287]
 
462
UF gaohu
 
462
UF high hu
 
462
UF yue hu
 
562
BT hu qin
 
680
A string instrument similar to the er hu, but smaller and with a higher tone.
 
 
162
ge hu    [pp2013015288]
 
462
UF gehu
 
562
BT hu qin
 
680
A large four-stringed Chinese instrument from the 1950s that is tuned like a cello.
 
 
162
gender    [pp2013015289]
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
680
A multi-octave mallet instrument from Java and Bali.
 
 
162
ghaṭa    [pp2013015290]
 
462
UF ghaṙā
 
462
UF ghaṭi
 
462
UF kaṭam
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
ghichak    [pp2013015291]
 
462
UF gidzhak
 
462
UF gijak
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
glass    [pp2013015292]
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
680
A glass of any shape or size manipulated to produce sound.
 
 
162
glass harmonica    [pp2013015293]
 
462
UF armonica
 
462
UF glasses, musical
 
462
UF harmonica, glass
 
462
UF musical glasses
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
 
162
glockenspiel    [pp2013015294]
 
462
UF bell lyra
 
462
UF bell lyre
 
462
UF bells, orchestra
 
462
UF bells, orchestral
 
462
UF bells (glockenspiel)
 
462
UF chimes (glockenspiel)
 
462
UF glock
 
462
UF lyra, bell
 
462
UF lyre, bell
 
462
UF orchestra bells
 
462
UF orchestral bells
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
 
162
goblet drum    [pp2013015295]
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
goge    [pp2013015296]
 
462
UF godie
 
462
UF goje
 
462
UF gonje
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
gong    [pp2013015297]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
gonrang    [pp2013015298]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
 
162
gora    [pp2013015299]
 
462
UF gom-gom
 
462
UF gorah
 
462
UF gorra
 
462
UF gowra
 
462
UF t'goerra
 
462
UF t'gorrah
 
562
BT musical bow
 
 
162
gottuvadyam    [pp2013015300]
 
462
UF block instrument
 
462
UF mahanataka vina
 
562
BT vina
 
680
A fretless vina from Southern India.
 
 
162
gralla    [pp2013015301]
 
462
UF grall de pastor
 
462
UF xaramita
 
462
UF xirimita
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A small shawm-like double-reed instrument from Catalonia and Spain.
 
 
162
great bass recorder    [pp2013015302]
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
guan    [pp2013015303]
 
462
UF bili
 
462
UF guan zi
 
462
UF guanzi
 
462
UF kuan tzu
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
gŭdulka    [pp2013015304]
 
462
UF gadulka
 
462
UF gamlka
 
462
UF gjold
 
462
UF kemene
 
462
UF kopanka
 
462
UF tsigulka
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
 
162
gunibrī    [pp2013015311]
 
462
UF gimbri
 
462
UF gmbri
 
462
UF gnbri
 
462
UF gogo (lute)
 
462
UF gombri
 
462
UF guembri
 
462
UF guenbrit
 
462
UF guimbri
 
462
UF guinbri
 
462
UF gumbri
 
462
UF gunbri
 
462
UF gunibri
 
462
UF hejhuj
 
462
UF sintir
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A plucked lute with one to three strings from North Africa.
 
 
162
guiro    [pp2013015305]
 
462
UF calabazo
 
462
UF guayo
 
462
UF ralladera
 
462
UF rascador
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
 
162
guitar    [pp2013015306]
 
462
UF acoustic guitar
 
462
UF arched-top guitar
 
462
UF classical guitar
 
462
UF flamenco guitar
 
462
UF flat-top guitar
 
462
UF Spanish guitar
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
guitar ensemble    [pp2013015307]
 
462
UF guitar orchestra
 
562
BT plucked instrument ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more guitars.
 
 
162
guitarra portuguesa    [pp2013015309]
 
462
UF guitar, Portuguese
 
462
UF Portuguese guitar
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
guitarrón    [pp2013015310]
 
462
UF guitarrón mexicano
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A fretless bass guitar from Mexico.
 
 
162
gusle    [pp2013015312]
 
462
UF gusla
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A single-string bowed lute of Southeastern Europe. For the psaltery from Russia see gusli.
 
681
Note under gusli
 
 
162
gusli    [pp2013015313]
 
462
UF husli
 
562
BT psaltery
 
678
gusle.
 
680
A psaltery from Russia. For the single-string bowed lute of Southeastern Europe see gusle.
 
681
Note under gusle
 
 
162
haegŭm    [pp2013015315]
 
462
UF hyegum
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A two-string spike fiddle from Korea.
 
 
162
hand clapping    [pp2013015316]
 
462
UF clapping, hand
 
562
BT body percussion
 
 
162
handbell choir    [pp2013015318]
 
462
UF handbell team
 
562
BT percussion ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more handbells.
 
 
162
handbell    [pp2013015317]
 
562
BT bell
 
680
A bell with a handle held in the hand for ringing.
 
 
162
handchimes    [pp2013015319]
 
562
BT chimes
 
680
A chime, usually in the shape of a square tube, with an external clapper that is rung by hand.
 
 
162
hardanger fiddle    [pp2013015321]
 
462
UF harding fiddle
 
462
UF hardingfele
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A traditional violin of Western Norway with four or five sympathetic strings running beneath the fingerboard.
 
 
162
harmonic canon    [pp2013015322]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A plucked box zither with 44 or 88 strings invented by Harry Partch.
 
 
162
harmonica    [pp2013015323]
 
462
UF mouth harmonica
 
562
BT mouth organ
 
 
162
harmonica ensemble    [pp2013015324]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more harmonicas.
 
 
162
harp    [pp2013015325]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
680
An unspecified chordophone in which the plane of strings is perpendicular to the soundboard. For the modern Western pedal harp, use pedal harp.
 
681
Note under pedal harp
 
 
162
pedal harp    [pp2013015535]
 
562
BT harp
 
680
A modern Western harp. For an unspecified chordsphone in which the plane of strings is perpendicular to the soundboard see harp.
 
681
Note under harp
 
 
162
harp ensemble    [pp2013015326]
 
562
BT plucked instrument ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more harps.
 
 
162
harp guitar    [pp2013015327]
 
562
BT guitar
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A guitar with any number of additional unstopped strings that can accommodate individual plucking.
 
 
162
harp-lute    [pp2013015328]
 
462
UF bridge harp
 
562
BT string instrument
 
680
An unspecified instrument in the Sachs-Hornbostel harp-lute category.
 
 
162
harp-lute guitar    [pp2013015329]
 
462
UF guitar, harp-lute
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
Any one of the family of instruments invented by Edward Light in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that combined aspects of the guitar or lute with an extended harp-styled neck that held extra strings.
 
 
162
harp-piano    [pp2013015330]
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A harp-shaped instrument fitted with a keyboard.
 
 
162
harp zither    [pp2013015331]
 
462
UF chord zither
 
462
UF fretless zither
 
462
UF guitar zither
 
462
UF MacArthur harp
 
462
UF mandolin guitar zither
 
462
UF mandolin harp zither
 
462
UF mandolin zither
 
462
UF zither harp
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A fretless zither with two sets of strings, one tuned to a scale and the other to complete the chords in the key of the melody strings.
 
 
162
harpola    [pp2013015332]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT toy instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
harpsichord    [pp2013015333]
 
462
UF cembalo
 
462
UF spinet (harpsichord)
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
harpsichord ensemble    [pp2013015334]
 
562
BT keyboard ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more solo harpsichords.
 
 
162
steel guitar    [pp2013015335]
 
462
UF Hawaiian guitar
 
462
UF Hawaiian steel guitar
 
462
UF kīkā kila
 
562
BT guitar
 
 
162
head rapping    [pp2013015336]
 
462
UF rapping, head
 
562
BT body percussion
 
 
162
heckelphone    [pp2013015337]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A double-reed instrument with a wide bore and spherical bell sounding an octave below the oboe.
 
 
162
helicon    [pp2013015338]
 
562
BT tuba
 
680
A valved brass instrument of the tuba family distinguished by its circular shape, allowing the performer to rest the weight of the instrument on his shoulder.
 
 
162
heliphon    [pp2013015339]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
680
A MIDI-controlled xylophone in the shape of a double helix played by striking the keys with solenoids.
 
 
162
hichiriki    [pp2013015340]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A Japanese oboe made of bamboo and with a reverse conical bore.
 
 
162
high voice    [pp2013015341]
 
562
BT singer
 
680
A high-register voice that is not otherwise specified.
 
 
162
horn ensemble    [pp2013015844]
 
462
UF horn choir
 
562
BT brass ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more horns.
 
 
162
horn    [pp2013015342]
 
462
UF French horn
 
462
UF hunting horn
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
680
An orchestral valved or valveless French horn. For an unspecified valveless horn see natural horn.
 
681
Note under natural horn
 
 
162
hourglass drum    [pp2013015343]
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A struck drum with a body that is smaller in diameter in the middle than at the ends.
 
 
162
hu qin    [pp2013015345]
 
462
UF huqin
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
680
A generic term for a Chinese spike fiddle, usually with two strings, but sometimes three or four.
 
 
162
huang zhong    [pp2013015346]
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
hurdy-gurdy    [pp2013015347]
 
462
UF lyra
 
462
UF organistrum
 
462
UF vielle
 
462
UF vielle à roue
 
562
BT friction instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
An instrument in which a crank-turned rosined wheel vibrates the strings, whose pitches are manipulated on a keyboard or buttons.
 
 
162
hydraulic barrel organ    [pp2013015348]
 
562
BT barrel organ
 
562
BT water organ
 
 
162
water organ    [pp2013015796]
 
462
UF hydraulic organ
 
462
UF hydraulis
 
462
UF hydraulos
 
462
UF hydraulus
 
562
BT mechanical organ
 
 
162
ichigenkin    [pp2013015350]
 
462
UF hankin
 
462
UF ichigen-kin
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A single-string Japanese zither.
 
 
162
idiophone    [pp2013015351]
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An unspecified or undetermined instrument that produces sound through vibration of the instrument itself.
 
 
162
imzad    [pp2013015352]
 
462
UF amzad
 
462
UF anzad
 
462
UF anzhad
 
462
UF inzad
 
462
UF rabāba (imzad)
 
562
BT rubāb
 
680
A single-string rubāb with a high bridge a curved neck.
 
 
162
indirectly struck idiophone    [pp2013015353]
 
562
BT struck idiophone
 
680
An unspecified or undetermined idiophone in which the percussion is produced indirectly, such as by shaking or scraping the instrument.
 
 
162
instrument    [pp2013015354]
 
462
UF musical instrument
 
462
UF unspecified instrument
 
680
Any unspecified or undetermined solo instrument.
 
 
162
instrumental ensemble    [pp2013015812]
 
562
BT ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of diverse instruments that cannot be described by a more specific term.
 
 
162
iwabue    [pp2013015357]
 
462
UF ishibue
 
462
UF stone flute
 
462
UF stone whistle
 
562
BT duct flute
 
680
A small Japanese stone flute.
 
 
162
jaltarang    [pp2013015358]
 
462
UF jal tarang
 
462
UF jaltarangam
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A set bowls tuned by filling them with different levels of water, struck with bamboo sticks.
 
 
162
jawbone    [pp2013015359]
 
462
UF jaw bone
 
462
UF musical jaw bone
 
462
UF quijada
 
462
UF quijada de burro
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
680
A jawbone used as an idiophone that may be struck, rattled, or rubbed.
 
 
162
Jew’s harp    [pp2013015360]
 
462
UF genggong
 
462
UF jaw harp
 
462
UF jaw's harp
 
462
UF khomus
 
462
UF trump
 
562
BT plucked idiophone
 
 
162
jin qian ban    [pp2013015362]
 
562
BT clapper (percussion)
 
680
A Chinese clapper used in storytelling.
 
 
162
jing hu    [pp2013015363]
 
462
UF jinghu
 
562
BT hu qin
 
680
A high-pitched hu qin.
 
 
162
jouhikko    [pp2013015364]
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
562
BT lyre
 
680
A Finnish bowed lyre with two to four strings.
 
 
162
jug    [pp2013015365]
 
562
BT wind instrument
 
 
162
jug band    [pp2013015366]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An instrumental ensemble consisting of one or more jugs used as bass wind instruments that arose among African Americans in the early 20th century as popular entertainment for medicine shows and picnics.
 
 
162
kacapi (plucked lute)    [pp2013015367]
 
462
UF kacaping
 
462
UF kecapi
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A boat-shaped plucked lute from Indonesia.
 
 
162
kacapi (zither)    [pp2013015368]
 
462
UF kecapi (Zither)
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A plucked box zither from the Sundanese areas of West Java.
 
 
162
khǣn    [pp2013015387]
 
462
UF kaen
 
462
UF khen
 
462
UF khène
 
562
BT mouth organ
 
 
162
kagurabue    [pp2013015369]
 
462
UF yamatobue
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A six- or seven-hole Japanese flute.
 
 
162
kamānche    [pp2013015370]
 
462
UF Black Sea fiddle
 
462
UF Black Sea kemençe
 
462
UF çemençe
 
462
UF fiddle, Black Sea
 
462
UF gemendze
 
462
UF kʻaman
 
462
UF k'amancha
 
462
UF kamancheh
 
462
UF kāmanja
 
462
UF kamantcha
 
462
UF karadeniz kemençesi
 
462
UF kemancha
 
462
UF kemanche
 
462
UF kemençe
 
462
UF kemenche
 
462
UF kemendze
 
462
UF kementche
 
462
UF kyamancha
 
462
UF Pontian lyra
 
462
UF Pontic kemenche
 
462
UF Pontic lyra
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A spike fiddle of the Black Sea region, Pontic Greece, and Iran.
 
 
162
kamele ngoni    [pp2013015371]
 
462
UF kamale ngoni
 
562
BT harp-lute
 
680
A six-stringed harp of the Wassolou region of Mali.
 
 
162
kañjirā    [pp2013015372]
 
462
UF kañcirā
 
462
UF kanjeera
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A South Indian frame drum.
 
 
162
Baltic psaltery    [pp2013015373]
 
462
UF kanklės
 
462
UF kannel
 
462
UF kantele
 
462
UF kokle
 
562
BT psaltery
 
 
162
kaval    [pp2013015376]
 
462
UF caval
 
462
UF kavali
 
462
UF kavall
 
462
UF qawūl
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A rim-blown flute of Southeastern Europe and Turkey.
 
 
162
kayagŭm    [pp2013015377]
 
462
UF gayagŭm
 
462
UF kaya kum
 
462
UF kayago
 
462
UF kayakko
 
462
UF kayako
 
462
UF kayakum
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A Korean twelve-stringed zither.
 
 
162
kazoo    [pp2013015378]
 
462
UF bazoo
 
462
UF bazooka
 
462
UF eunuch flute
 
462
UF gazoo
 
462
UF gazooka
 
462
UF gazoota
 
462
UF tommy talker
 
462
UF zarah
 
562
BT singing membrane
 
 
162
kemanak    [pp2013015380]
 
462
UF kenawak
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A banana-shaped metal idiophone of Java that is usually used in pairs.
 
 
162
keyboard controller    [pp2013015381]
 
562
BT MIDI controller
 
680
A MIDI with a keyboard controller.
 
 
162
keyboard ensemble    [pp2013015842]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more varied keyboard instruments.
 
 
162
keyboard instrument    [pp2013015382]
 
462
UF keyboard stringed instrument
 
462
UF string keyboard instrument
 
462
UF stringed keyboard instrument
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An unspecified or unidentified keyboard instrument.
 
 
162
keyed bugle    [pp2013015384]
 
462
UF Kent bugle
 
462
UF Kent horn
 
462
UF royal Kent bugle
 
562
BT bugle
 
 
162
keyed fiddle    [pp2013015385]
 
462
UF key fiddle
 
462
UF lökkelje
 
462
UF nyckelgiga
 
462
UF nyckelharpa
 
462
UF Schlüsselfidel
 
462
UF Schlüsselfiedel
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
keyed trumpet    [pp2013015386]
 
562
BT trumpet
 
 
162
khim    [pp2013015388]
 
462
UF kim (dulcimer)
 
562
BT dulcimer
 
680
A hammered dulcimer of Laos and Thailand that is similar to, but smaller than, the yang qin.
 
 
162
khlui    [pp2013015389]
 
562
BT duct flute
 
680
A bamboo duct flute from Thailand with six or seven finger holes and a thumb hole.
 
 
162
khō̜ng wong    [pp2013015390]
 
462
UF kháw-ng wong
 
462
UF khong vong
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A group of bossed gongs set on a circular frame.
 
 
162
khrū̜ang sāi    [pp2013015391]
 
462
UF khrư̄angsāi
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
A instrumental ensemble consisting of strings and a flute and used in the Thai court.
 
 
162
klō̜ng ǣ    [pp2013015392]
 
462
UF glaw-ng æ
 
562
BT goblet drum
 
680
A large Thai drum used in Buddhist temples.
 
 
162
klō̜ng yāo    [pp2013015393]
 
462
UF glaw-ng yao
 
562
BT goblet drum
 
680
A Thai drum played with the hands and used in festival parades.
 
 
162
kōauau    [pp2013015394]
 
462
UF kooauau
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A flute of the Maori people of New Zealand.
 
 
162
kob    [pp2013015395]
 
562
BT natural horn
 
680
A curved brass horn from India.
 
 
162
kobza    [pp2013015396]
 
462
UF kobsa
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
koḷ    [pp2013015398]
 
462
UF koul
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A double-reed instrument of the Kota people of India.
 
 
162
kŏmunʾgo    [pp2013015401]
 
462
UF gomungo
 
462
UF hyŏnʾgŭm
 
462
UF kum
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A six-stringed fretted, plucked, zither of Korea.
 
 
162
komuz    [pp2013015402]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A long-necked, unfretted, three-stringed lute of the Kirghiz people of Central Asia.
 
 
162
kong hou    [pp2013015403]
 
462
UF konghou
 
562
BT harp
 
 
162
kopuz    [pp2013015404]
 
462
UF qopuz
 
462
UF qupuz
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
kora    [pp2013015405]
 
562
BT harp-lute
 
680
A 21-string harp-lute of the Mende people of West Africa.
 
 
162
koto    [pp2013015406]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A Japanese zither with 13 strings.
 
 
162
koto ensemble    [pp2013015407]
 
562
BT plucked instrument ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more koto.
 
 
162
kotsuzumi    [pp2013015408]
 
462
UF ko tsuzumi
 
562
BT hourglass drum
 
680
An hourglass drum used in Japanese theater.
 
 
162
krar    [pp2013015409]
 
562
BT lyre
 
680
A six-string bowl lyre from Ethiopia and Eritrea.
 
 
162
kulintang    [pp2013015410]
 
462
UF gulintangan
 
462
UF klentangan
 
462
UF kolintang (gong-chime)
 
462
UF kwintangan
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
kulintang ensemble    [pp2013015411]
 
562
BT percussion ensemble
 
680
A Filipino ensemble consisting of two sets of kulintang and a drum.
 
 
162
kurai    [pp2013015412]
 
462
UF kuray
 
462
UF qurai
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
An end-blown flute of the Bashkir and Tatar peoples.
 
 
162
lambeg drum    [pp2013015413]
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A large double-headed drum associated with the Orange Order in Northern Ireland and traditionally used in parades.
 
 
162
langeleik    [pp2013015414]
 
562
BT psaltery
 
680
A fretted Norwegian box zither.
 
 
162
launeddas    [pp2013015415]
 
462
UF aenas
 
462
UF benas
 
462
UF bisònas
 
462
UF enas
 
462
UF leunéddas
 
462
UF lionéddas
 
462
UF sonus de canna
 
462
UF triédda
 
462
UF truédda
 
462
UF truvédda
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
680
A polyphonic single-reed instrument with three pipes that originated in Southern Sardinia.
 
 
162
lead singer    [pp2013015416]
 
462
UF lead vocalist
 
562
BT singer
 
680
A performer who sings the main solo vocal portions of a popular song, often as part of a band.
 
 
162
leaf    [pp2013015417]
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
680
One or more leaves from a tree or other plant that produces sound through vibration (as in a reed instrument).
 
 
162
ligawka    [pp2013015418]
 
462
UF legawka
 
462
UF ligawa
 
562
BT natural horn
 
680
A wooden aerophone from the Mazowsze region of Poland.
 
 
162
limbe    [pp2013015419]
 
462
UF gliṅ-bu
 
462
UF gling-bu
 
462
UF lingbu
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A side-blown flute that originated in China and Mongolia.
 
 
162
lira da braccio    [pp2013015422]
 
462
UF lira da spalla
 
462
UF lira di sette corde
 
462
UF lira moderna
 
462
UF lyra (lira da braccio)
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
lira (short-necked fiddle)    [pp2013015421]
 
462
UF lyra (short-necked fiddle)
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
lirica    [pp2013015423]
 
462
UF liritza
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
lirone    [pp2013015424]
 
462
UF arcivioladaslyras
 
462
UF arciviolata
 
462
UF arciviolatalira
 
462
UF gran lira
 
462
UF lira (lirone)
 
462
UF lira da gamba
 
462
UF lira doppia
 
462
UF lira grande
 
462
UF lira in gamba
 
462
UF lirone perfetto
 
462
UF lyra (lirone)
 
462
UF lyra de gamba
 
462
UF lyra perfecta
 
462
UF lyrone
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
lithophone    [pp2013015425]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A stone or a set of stones that is struck to produce sound.
 
 
162
liu qin    [pp2013015426]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
live electronics    [pp2013015427]
 
562
BT electronics
 
 
162
lõõtspill    [pp2013015428]
 
562
BT accordion
 
 
162
low voice    [pp2013015429]
 
562
BT singer
 
 
162
lu sheng    [pp2013015430]
 
462
UF kæng
 
462
UF liu sheng
 
562
BT mouth organ
 
 
162
luo gu    [pp2013015431]
 
462
UF luo gu ensemble
 
562
BT percussion ensemble
 
 
162
lur    [pp2013015432]
 
562
BT natural horn
 
 
162
lute    [pp2013015433]
 
462
UF lyra
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A fretted plucked-string instrument with a pear-shaped body that was popular in 16th-18th century Europe. For other lute-type instruments, see plucked lute and bowed lute.
 
681
Note under plucked lute
 
 
162
lute ensemble    [pp2013015434]
 
462
UF lute consort
 
562
BT plucked instrument ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more European lutes, often of different sizes.
 
 
162
luthéal    [pp2013015435]
 
462
UF piano luthéal
 
562
BT prepared piano
 
 
162
lyra viol    [pp2013015436]
 
462
UF lyro-viol
 
462
UF viola bastarda
 
562
BT viol
 
 
162
lyre    [pp2013015437]
 
462
UF lira
 
462
UF lyra
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
680
An unspecified string instrument whose strings are attached to a yoke that lies in the same plane as the soundtable.
 
 
162
lyre-guitar    [pp2013015438]
 
562
BT guitar
 
 
162
mādal    [pp2013015439]
 
462
UF mādala
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
mahōrī    [pp2013015440]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An instrumental ensemble originating in Thailand that combines melodic and rhythmic percussion, string, and wind instruments.
 
 
162
male voice    [pp2013015441]
 
562
BT singer
 
 
162
mallet controller    [pp2013015442]
 
462
UF xylophone controller
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
562
BT percussion controller
 
680
An electronic instrument that simulates the sound of a mallet instrument.
 
 
162
mallet ensemble    [pp2013015443]
 
562
BT percussion ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more different mallet instruments of any type.
 
 
162
mandola    [pp2013015445]
 
462
UF mandolino
 
462
UF mandora
 
462
UF mandore
 
462
UF mandorre
 
562
BT mandolin
 
 
162
mandolin    [pp2013015446]
 
462
UF mandoline
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
mandolin ensemble    [pp2013015447]
 
462
UF mandolin orchestra
 
562
BT plucked instrument ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more instruments of the mandolin family.
 
 
162
mandoloncello    [pp2013015449]
 
462
UF mando-cello
 
462
UF mandocello
 
562
BT mandolin
 
 
162
maraca    [pp2013015450]
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
 
162
marching band    [pp2013015451]
 
562
BT band
 
 
162
marimba    [pp2013015452]
 
462
UF marimbaphone
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
 
162
marimba ensemble    [pp2013015453]
 
562
BT mallet ensemble
 
 
162
marovany (box zither)    [pp2013015454]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
mbira    [pp2013015455]
 
462
UF African hand piano
 
462
UF hand piano
 
462
UF hand piano, African
 
462
UF kalimba
 
462
UF kisaanj
 
462
UF kututeng
 
462
UF lamellaphone
 
462
UF lamellophone
 
462
UF likembe
 
462
UF linguaphone
 
462
UF marimba (mbira)
 
462
UF marímbula
 
462
UF mbila
 
462
UF nsansi
 
462
UF sandza
 
462
UF sansa
 
462
UF sansi
 
462
UF thumb piano
 
562
BT plucked idiophone
 
 
162
mechanical instrument    [pp2013015456]
 
462
UF automatic instrument
 
462
UF automatic musical instrument
 
462
UF automatophone
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An unspecified instrument whose sound is produced fully or partially through automated means.
 
 
162
mechanical organ    [pp2013015457]
 
462
UF automatic organ
 
562
BT mechanical instrument
 
562
BT organ
 
680
An unspecified mechanized organ.
 
 
162
mechanical piano    [pp2013015458]
 
562
BT mechanical instrument
 
562
BT piano
 
680
An unspecified mechanized piano.
 
 
162
mechanical singing-bird box    [pp2013015459]
 
462
UF mechanical singing-bird tabatière
 
462
UF singing-bird box, mechanical
 
462
UF tabatière, mechanical singing-bird
 
562
BT music box
 
 
162
medium voice    [pp2013015461]
 
562
BT singer
 
 
162
megaphone    [pp2013015462]
 
562
BT wind instrument
 
680
A device used to amplify other media in the performance of a musical work.
 
 
162
melodeon (button-key accordion)    [pp2013015463]
 
562
BT button-key accordion
 
 
162
melodica    [pp2013015464]
 
462
UF scaletta
 
562
BT harmonica
 
680
A keyboard harmonica.
 
 
162
melody flute    [pp2013015465]
 
562
BT duct flute
 
562
BT toy instrument
 
 
162
melody instrument    [pp2013015466]
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An unspecified instrument on which more than one note can be played.
 
 
162
meloharp    [pp2013015467]
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
membranophone    [pp2013015468]
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An unspecified instrument whose sound is produced via vibrations of a stretched membrane.
 
 
162
men's chorus    [pp2013015469]
 
462
UF Männerchor
 
562
BT chorus
 
680
A chorus of adult male voices.
 
 
162
mendzan    [pp2013015470]
 
462
UF mendzang
 
462
UF mendjan
 
462
UF menjyang
 
462
UF menzan
 
562
BT xylophone
 
 
162
meta-harp    [pp2013015471]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
mey    [pp2013015472]
 
462
UF nay (oboe)
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
mezzo-soprano voice    [pp2013015473]
 
462
UF mezzo-soprano (singer)
 
562
BT female voice
 
562
BT medium voice
 
 
162
MIDI controller    [pp2013015474]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
mime    [pp2013015475]
 
462
UF mime artist
 
562
BT performer
 
 
162
mirliton    [pp2013015476]
 
562
BT singing membrane
 
 
162
mišnice    [pp2013015477]
 
462
UF mjersnice
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
 
162
mixed chorus    [pp2013015146]
 
562
BT chorus
 
 
162
mixed media    [pp2013015478]
 
462
UF multi-media
 
462
UF multimedia
 
562
BT ensemble
 
562
BT performer
 
680
Non-musical elements such as movement, projected images, audience participation, etc., or effects related to electronic music.
 
 
162
monochord    [pp2013015479]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
morin huur    [pp2013015480]
 
462
UF huur, morin
 
462
UF khil-khuur
 
462
UF ma tʻou chʻin
 
462
UF matou qin
 
462
UF matouqin
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
mouseketier    [pp2013015481]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
mouth bow    [pp2013015482]
 
562
BT musical bow
 
 
162
mouth organ    [pp2013015484]
 
562
BT free reed instrument
 
680
An unspecified mouth organ.
 
 
162
mridanga    [pp2013015485]
 
462
UF khol
 
462
UF mirdang
 
462
UF mr̥dang
 
462
UF mr̥daṅga
 
462
UF mr̥daṅgam
 
462
UF mridangam
 
462
UF mirutaṅkam
 
462
UF miruthangam
 
462
UF pakhāvaj
 
462
UF pakhawaj
 
562
BT drum
 
680
Any of several types of double-headed drum used to accompany devotional music and known by various names in different regions of India.
 
 
162
mukhavīṇā    [pp2013015486]
 
462
UF mukha veena
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
musette (oboe)    [pp2013015487]
 
462
UF musette pipe
 
562
BT oboe
 
 
162
music box    [pp2013015488]
 
462
UF musical box
 
562
BT mechanical instrument
 
562
BT plucked idiophone
 
 
162
musical bow    [pp2013015489]
 
462
UF harp bow
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A bow that is played as a musical instrument in its own right and not as a device to draw sound from another instrument.
 
 
162
musical clock    [pp2013015490]
 
462
UF clock, musical
 
462
UF clock-organ
 
462
UF flute clock
 
462
UF flute-playing clock
 
462
UF mechanical clock-organ
 
562
BT mechanical organ
 
680
A clock equipped with a mechanical organ. For sounds produced by a clock equipped with a carillon or other chiming mechanism use clock chimes.
 
681
Note under clock chimes
 
 
162
nāgasvaram    [pp2013015493]
 
462
UF nadasvaram
 
462
UF nadaswaram
 
462
UF nāgasuram
 
462
UF nâgaswaram
 
462
UF nākasvaram
 
462
UF nāyanam
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
Native American flute    [pp2013015495]
 
462
UF American Indian flute
 
462
UF love flute
 
462
UF Native American love flute
 
562
BT duct flute
 
 
162
natural horn    [pp2013015496]
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
680
An unspecified valveless horn. For the orchestral valved or valveless French horn, use horn.
 
681
Note under horn
 
 
162
nāy (flute)    [pp2014015003]
 
462
UF nai
 
462
UF ney
 
462
UF quṣaba
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
nāykhīṃ    [pp2013015498]
 
462
UF nāykhĩ
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
new century harp    [pp2013015499]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
ngoma    [pp2013015500]
 
462
UF engoma
 
462
UF goma
 
462
UF gomo
 
462
UF in̄goma
 
462
UF ingomba
 
462
UF ngomba
 
462
UF ngomm
 
462
UF ngomo
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
nōkan    [pp2013015501]
 
462
UF nō-flute
 
462
UF nō-kan
 
462
UF nohkan
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
noordsche balk    [pp2013015502]
 
462
UF hommel
 
462
UF humle
 
462
UF hummel
 
462
UF noardske balke
 
462
UF scheitholt
 
562
BT psaltery
 
680
Any of several types of zither played in the Low Countries.
 
 
162
Northumbrian small pipe    [pp2013015503]
 
462
UF Northumberland small pipes
 
462
UF Northumbrian small pipes
 
462
UF Northumbrian smallpipes
 
462
UF small pipe, Northumbrian
 
462
UF small pipes, Northumbrian
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
 
162
notched rattle    [pp2013015504]
 
462
UF bone rattle
 
462
UF rattle, bone
 
462
UF rattle, notched
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
 
162
Novachord    [pp2013015505]
 
462
UF electrical orchestra
 
462
UF Hammond Novachord
 
462
UF orchestra, electrical
 
562
BT electronic keyboard
 
562
BT electronic organ
 
 
162
oboe    [pp2013015507]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
oboe d’amore    [pp2013015508]
 
462
UF mezzo-soprano oboe
 
562
BT oboe
 
 
162
oboe da caccia    [pp2013015509]
 
562
BT oboe
 
 
162
oboe ensemble    [pp2013015510]
 
562
BT woodwind ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more oboes of any type, sometimes also including one or more English horns or other double reed instrument.
 
 
162
ocarina    [pp2013015511]
 
562
BT duct flute
 
 
162
oliphant    [pp2013015512]
 
462
UF olifant
 
562
BT natural horn
 
 
162
ondes Martenot    [pp2013015513]
 
462
UF Martenot
 
462
UF Martenot's ondes musicales
 
462
UF ondes musicales
 
462
UF ondium Martenot
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
ongnyugŭm    [pp2013015514]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
ophicleide    [pp2013015515]
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
 
162
orchestra    [pp2013015516]
 
462
UF full orchestra
 
462
UF large orchestra
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
A large ensemble consisting of bowed string instruments and some combination of wind and other types of instruments, or such an ensemble whose relative size is not specified. For a small orchestra so specified, use chamber orchestra.
 
 
162
orchestrion    [pp2013015517]
 
462
UF nickelodeon
 
562
BT mechanical instrument
 
 
162
organ ensemble    [pp2013015520]
 
562
BT keyboard ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more organs of any type.
 
 
162
organ    [pp2013015519]
 
462
UF enharmonic organ
 
462
UF pipe organ
 
562
BT aerophone
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
 
162
organette    [pp2013015521]
 
562
BT player organ
 
 
162
orkon    [pp2013015522]
 
462
UF chromette
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
orpharion    [pp2013015523]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
orphéal    [pp2013015524]
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
680
An instrument combining aspects of the piano, organ, and harmonium.
 
 
162
oud    [pp2013015525]
 
462
UF oude
 
462
UF ʻūd
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
panharmonicon    [pp2013015527]
 
562
BT mechanical instrument
 
 
162
panpipes    [pp2013015528]
 
462
UF antara
 
462
UF nai
 
462
UF pan flute
 
462
UF pan pipes
 
462
UF pandean pipes
 
462
UF panflute
 
462
UF pan's pipes
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
panpipes ensemble    [pp2013015529]
 
562
BT woodwind ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more sets of panpipes.
 
 
162
par    [pp2013015530]
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A cylindrical drum that originated in Tamil Nadu, India.
 
 
162
par̲ai    [pp2013015531]
 
462
UF pirai
 
562
BT frame drum
 
 
162
pardessus de viole    [pp2013015532]
 
462
UF descant viol
 
462
UF high treble viol
 
462
UF par-dessus de viole
 
462
UF quinton
 
562
BT viol
 
 
162
pedal clavichord    [pp2013015533]
 
562
BT clavichord
 
680
A clavichord with a pedal-board like that of an organ.
 
 
162
pedal harpsichord    [pp2013015534]
 
462
UF pedalcembalo
 
562
BT harpsichord
 
680
A harpsichord with a pedal-board like that of an organ.
 
 
162
pedal piano    [pp2013015536]
 
462
UF pedal pianoforte
 
562
BT piano
 
680
A piano with a pedal-board like that of an organ.
 
 
162
pedal steel guitar    [pp2013015537]
 
562
BT steel guitar
 
680
A steel guitar equipped with a pedal that allows for instantaneous change of tuning.
 
 
162
pelittone    [pp2013015538]
 
562
BT tuba
 
 
162
penny whistle    [pp2013015539]
 
462
UF feadóg stáin
 
462
UF pennywhistle
 
462
UF tin whistle
 
462
UF whistle (penny whistle)
 
562
BT duct flute
 
 
162
percussion controller    [pp2013015541]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
 
162
percussion ensemble    [pp2013015542]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
 
162
percussion idiophone    [pp2013015543]
 
562
BT struck idiophone
 
680
An unspecified percussion idiophone.
 
 
162
mallet instrument    [pp2013015444]
 
462
UF keyboard percussion instrument
 
462
UF mallet percussions
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
An unspecified mallet instrument of any type.
 
 
162
percussion    [pp2013015540]
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
One or more unspecified instruments in the percussion family that are often included as part of a larger ensemble. For a single unspecified percussion instrument see percussion instrument.
 
681
Note under percussion instrument
 
 
162
percussion instrument    [pp2013015544]
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
A single unspecified percussion instrument. For one or more unspecified percussion instruments that are often included as part of a larger ensemble see percussion.
 
681
Note under percussion
 
 
162
performer    [pp2013015545]
 
680
An unspecified participant in a musical work.
 
 
162
phin phia    [pp2013015546]
 
462
UF phia
 
462
UF phin pīa
 
462
UF pin piah
 
562
BT stick zither
 
 
162
phonofiddle    [pp2013015547]
 
562
BT violin
 
680
A one-string violin developed by Augustus Stroh and used in early sound recordings.
 
 
162
phonograph turntable    [pp2013015847]
 
462
UF turntable, phonograph
 
462
UF turntable system (phonograph)
 
562
BT mechanical instrument
 
 
162
pī    [pp2013015548]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
pi pa    [pp2013015549]
 
462
UF Chinese lute
 
462
UF pipa
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
piano    [pp2013015550]
 
462
UF concert grand (piano)
 
462
UF fortepiano
 
462
UF grand piano
 
462
UF pianoforte
 
462
UF spinet (piano)
 
462
UF spinnet (piano)
 
462
UF upright piano
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT struck string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
piano ensemble    [pp2013015551]
 
562
BT keyboard ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more pianos, each of which has one or more performers.
 
 
162
piano-harp    [pp2013015552]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
piccolo    [pp2013015553]
 
562
BT flute
 
 
162
pinkullu    [pp2013015554]
 
462
UF pincollo
 
462
UF pincullo
 
462
UF pincuyllu
 
462
UF pingullo
 
462
UF pinkayllu
 
462
UF pinkillu
 
462
UF pinquillo
 
562
BT duct flute
 
680
An end-blown flute from the Andes region.
 
 
162
pipe band    [pp2013015556]
 
462
UF bagpipe band
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more bagpipes and various drums.
 
 
162
pipe (musical instrument)    [pp2013015555]
 
462
UF bamboo pipe
 
462
UF chalumeau (pipe)
 
462
UF pastoral oboe
 
462
UF shepherd's pipe
 
462
UF symphonet
 
462
UF tabor pipe
 
562
BT duct flute
 
680
An unspecified simple end-blown flute with or without finger holes.
 
 
162
pīphāt    [pp2013015557]
 
462
UF sep nyai
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An instrumental ensemble of Thailand featuring the pī.
 
 
162
pʻiri    [pp2013015526]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
pitchpipe    [pp2013015558]
 
462
UF pitch-pipe
 
562
BT free reed instrument
 
 
162
player organ    [pp2013015559]
 
562
BT mechanical organ
 
 
162
player piano    [pp2013015560]
 
462
UF piano-player
 
462
UF reproducing piano
 
562
BT mechanical piano
 
 
162
player piano ensemble    [pp2013015561]
 
562
BT keyboard ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more player pianos.
 
 
162
plucked idiophone    [pp2013015562]
 
562
BT idiophone
 
562
BT plucked instrument
 
 
162
plucked instrument ensemble    [pp2013015564]
 
462
UF plucked string ensemble
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more plucked instruments of various types.
 
 
162
plucked instrument    [pp2013015563]
 
462
UF plectral instrument
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An unspecified plucked instrument of any material. For a plucked string instrument see plucked string instrument.
 
681
Note under plucked string instrument
 
 
162
plucked lute    [pp2013015320]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
680
An unspecified plucked string instrument of the Sachs-Hornbostel classification. For the fretted plucked-string instrument popular in 16th-18th century Europe see lute.
 
681
Reference under lute
 
 
162
plucked string instrument    [pp2013015565]
 
462
UF plucked stringed instrument
 
562
BT plucked instrument
 
562
BT string instrument
 
680
An unspecified plucked string instrument. For an unspecified plucked instrument of any material see plucked instrument.
 
681
Note under plucked instrument
 
 
162
plung    [pp2013015566]
 
562
BT mouth organ
 
 
162
plung orchestra    [pp2013015567]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more plungs.
 
 
162
pochette    [pp2013015568]
 
462
UF kit
 
462
UF kytte
 
462
UF pocket fiddle
 
462
UF Taschengeige
 
462
UF treble violin
 
562
BT violin
 
 
162
polopalo    [pp2013015570]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
positive organ    [pp2013015572]
 
462
UF positive
 
462
UF table organ
 
562
BT organ
 
680
A movable organ.
 
 
162
post horn    [pp2013015573]
 
462
UF coach-horn
 
462
UF posthorn
 
562
BT natural horn
 
 
162
practice chanter    [pp2013015574]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
prepared piano    [pp2013015575]
 
562
BT piano
 
680
A piano that has been altered by placing objects on and/or between the strings.
 
 
162
processed sound    [pp2013015576]
 
562
BT electronics
 
 
162
psalmodikon    [pp2013015577]
 
462
UF psalmodicon
 
462
UF salmodikon
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
psaltery    [pp2013015578]
 
462
UF ala
 
462
UF salterio
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
An unspecified neckless zither.
 
 
162
pung    [pp2013015579]
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
pyrophone    [pp2013015580]
 
462
UF calliope, explosion
 
462
UF calliope, fire
 
462
UF chemical harmonica
 
462
UF explosion calliope
 
462
UF explosion organ
 
462
UF fire calliope
 
462
UF fire organ
 
462
UF flame organ
 
462
UF harmonica, chemical
 
562
BT organ
 
 
162
qānūn    [pp2013015581]
 
462
UF k'anon
 
462
UF kanonaki
 
462
UF kanoon
 
462
UF kanun
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
qin    [pp2013015582]
 
462
UF ch'in
 
462
UF guqin
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
qobuz    [pp2013015583]
 
462
UF kiak
 
462
UF kobuz
 
462
UF kobyz
 
462
UF kyyak
 
462
UF qobyz
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
quena    [pp2013015584]
 
462
UF cuena
 
462
UF kena
 
462
UF kena-kena
 
462
UF quena-quena
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
quinto (drum)    [pp2013015585]
 
562
BT conga
 
 
162
rubāb    [pp2013015586]
 
462
UF Afghan lute
 
462
UF rabāb (lute)
 
462
UF rabābah (lute)
 
462
UF rabob
 
462
UF rbab
 
462
UF rebab (lute)
 
462
UF ribāb (lute)
 
462
UF robāb
 
462
UF rohbab
 
462
UF rubaub
 
462
UF rubob
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
rabāb (spike fiddle)    [pp2013015587]
 
462
UF rabāba (spike fiddle)
 
462
UF rabābah (spike fiddle)
 
462
UF rebab (spike fiddle)
 
462
UF ribāb (spike fiddle)
 
462
UF spike fiddle
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
Any of the various spike fiddles common in North Africa, the Middle East, and other parts of Asia.
 
 
162
rabeca    [pp2013015588]
 
462
UF rebeca
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
racket    [pp2013015589]
 
462
UF cervelas
 
462
UF cervelat
 
462
UF cortaldi
 
462
UF cortalli
 
462
UF rackett
 
462
UF rankett
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
radio receiver    [pp2013015590]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
ranāt ēk    [pp2013015591]
 
462
UF rana-t ay-k
 
462
UF rànaât eèk
 
462
UF ranāt aek
 
462
UF roneat ek
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
ranāt thum    [pp2013015592]
 
462
UF ranāt dhaṃ
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
rattle    [pp2013015593]
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
 
162
rebana    [pp2013015595]
 
462
UF rebano
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
reco-reco    [pp2013015596]
 
462
UF canzá
 
462
UF caracaxá
 
462
UF casaca
 
462
UF catacá
 
462
UF ganzá
 
462
UF querequexé
 
462
UF raspador
 
462
UF reque-reque
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
 
162
recorder    [pp2013015597]
 
462
UF basset recorder
 
462
UF beak flute
 
462
UF Blockflöte
 
462
UF common flute
 
462
UF English flute
 
462
UF flauto dolce
 
462
UF subcontrabass recorder
 
562
BT duct flute
 
 
162
reed instrument    [pp2013015598]
 
562
BT woodwind instrument
 
680
An unspecified reed instrument.
 
 
162
reed organ    [pp2013015599]
 
462
UF cabinet organ
 
462
UF harmonium
 
462
UF melodeon (reed organ)
 
462
UF organ, cabinet
 
462
UF organ, parlor
 
462
UF parlor organ
 
562
BT free reed instrument
 
 
162
Renaissance lute    [pp2013015600]
 
562
BT lute
 
680
A lute popular in Europe from the 15th-17th centuries that has five to twelve courses, the upper courses tuned primarily in fourths.
 
 
162
rgya-gling    [pp2013015602]
 
462
UF rgya gliṅ
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
roopill    [pp2013015603]
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
 
162
ruan    [pp2013015604]
 
462
UF chung juan
 
462
UF daruan
 
462
UF zhongruan
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
Russian horn    [pp2013015605]
 
562
BT natural horn
 
 
162
ryūteki    [pp2013015606]
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
sackbut    [pp2013015607]
 
462
UF sagbut
 
462
UF shagbut
 
462
UF shakbush
 
562
BT trombone
 
680
A brass instrument operated using a telescopic slide that was generally used in the 15th-18th centuries.
 
 
162
salō̜    [pp2013015608]
 
462
UF sà láw
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A Thai two-string spike fiddle with a separate bow and coconut shell resonator.
 
 
162
saluang    [pp2013015610]
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
An Indonesian open end-blown bamboo flute.
 
 
162
sambuca lincea    [pp2013015611]
 
462
UF pentacontachordon
 
562
BT harpsichord
 
680
An enharmonic harpsichord.
 
 
162
sampler    [pp2013015612]
 
462
UF sound sampler
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
680
An electronic musical instrument that has no sound of its own, and whose sounds are entirely derived from recordings.
 
 
162
sanxian    [pp2013015613]
 
462
UF hsien tse
 
462
UF sanxian
 
462
UF xian ze
 
462
UF xianzi
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A Chinese long-necked lute.
 
 
162
sanshin    [pp2013015614]
 
462
UF jabisen
 
462
UF jamisen
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A Japanese three-stringed lute.
 
 
162
santūr    [pp2013015615]
 
462
UF santir
 
462
UF santoor
 
462
UF sintir (dulcimer)
 
562
BT dulcimer
 
680
A trapezoidal dulcimer of Asia and the Balkans.
 
 
162
sáo    [pp2013015616]
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A Vietnamese transverse bamboo flute.
 
 
162
sapeh    [pp2013015617]
 
462
UF sambe
 
462
UF sampeh
 
462
UF sampeq
 
462
UF sampiʹ
 
462
UF sape
 
462
UF sapi
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
An Indonesian plucked lute.
 
 
162
sāraṅgī    [pp2013015618]
 
462
UF sāran.gī
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A South Asian short-necked fiddle.
 
 
162
sārindā    [pp2013015619]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A South Asian bowed lute.
 
 
162
sarod    [pp2013015620]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A South Asian short fretless plucked lute.
 
 
162
sarrusophone    [pp2013015621]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
680
A brass instrument played with a double reed.
 
 
162
saùng-gauk    [pp2013015622]
 
462
UF Burmese harp
 
462
UF coṅʻʺ
 
462
UF coṅʻʺ kokʻ
 
462
UF tsaung
 
562
BT harp
 
680
A Burmese arched harp.
 
 
162
saxhorn    [pp2013015623]
 
462
UF sax horn
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
 
162
saxoflute    [pp2013015624]
 
562
BT duct flute
 
562
BT toy instrument
 
680
A toy wind instrument consisting of 15 pieces that can be connected in various ways.
 
 
162
saxophone    [pp2013015625]
 
462
UF subcontrabass saxophone
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
 
162
saxophone ensemble    [pp2013015843]
 
462
UF saxophone choir
 
562
BT woodwind ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more saxophones of any type.
 
 
162
saz    [pp2013015626]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A long-necked fretted lute.
 
 
162
sēmantron    [pp2013015629]
 
462
UF sēmandron
 
462
UF sēmantēr
 
462
UF sēmantērion
 
462
UF sēmanthron
 
462
UF simandron
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A wooden percussion board struck with a hammer and used as a call to prayer.
 
 
162
sequencer    [pp2013015630]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
680
An electronic device that creates repeatable sequences of sound.
 
 
162
serpent    [pp2013015631]
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
 
162
setār (Iranian instrument)    [pp2013015632]
 
462
UF saitār
 
462
UF sehtār
 
462
UF setā
 
462
UF setór
 
462
UF sihtār
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
An Iranian four-stringed plucked long-necked lute.
 
 
162
shakuhachi    [pp2013015633]
 
462
UF syakuhati
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A Japanese end-blown bamboo flute.
 
 
162
shamisen    [pp2013015634]
 
462
UF samisen
 
462
UF sangen
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A Japanese three-stringed fretless plucked lute.
 
 
162
shawm    [pp2013015635]
 
462
UF bombarde (shawm)
 
462
UF chalmeye
 
462
UF chalmie
 
462
UF chalumeau (shawm)
 
462
UF pommer
 
462
UF scalmuse
 
462
UF schalmei
 
462
UF schalmuse
 
462
UF shalm
 
462
UF shalme
 
462
UF shalmie
 
462
UF shalmuse
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
śahnāī    [pp2013015636]
 
462
UF sanāī
 
462
UF sānāyī
 
462
UF shahnāī
 
462
UF shanai
 
462
UF shehnai
 
462
UF surnai
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
sheng    [pp2013015637]
 
562
BT mouth organ
 
 
162
shinobue    [pp2013015638]
 
462
UF shino
 
462
UF takebue
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
680
A Japanese transverse bamboo flute.
 
 
162
shō    [pp2013015639]
 
562
BT mouth organ
 
 
162
shofar    [pp2013015640]
 
462
UF ram's horn
 
562
BT natural horn
 
 
162
shudraga    [pp2013015641]
 
462
UF śanja
 
462
UF shandz
 
462
UF shandze
 
462
UF shanz
 
462
UF shidurgu
 
462
UF śhuduġu
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
signer    [pp2013015643]
 
562
BT performer
 
680
A performer who uses sign language.
 
 
162
siku    [pp2013015644]
 
462
UF sico
 
462
UF sicu
 
462
UF zampoña
 
562
BT panpipes
 
 
162
simsimīyya    [pp2013015645]
 
462
UF semsemiya
 
462
UF semsemiyya
 
462
UF simsimijah
 
462
UF simsimīyah
 
462
UF sumsumīyya
 
562
BT lyre
 
680
An Arabian bowl or box lyre.
 
 
162
singer    [pp2013015646]
 
462
UF vocalist
 
562
BT voice
 
680
A performer who uses his or her voice to produce musical tone. For an unspecified vocalized part see voice.
 
681
Note under voice
 
 
162
singing bowl    [pp2013015647]
 
462
UF bowl, Himalayan
 
462
UF bowl, singing
 
462
UF gong, rin
 
462
UF gong, suzu
 
462
UF Himalayan bowl
 
462
UF rin gong
 
462
UF suzu gong
 
462
UF Tibetan singing bowl
 
562
BT bell
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
680
A Himalayan metal bowl that is generally struck or rubbed with a padded mallet.
 
 
162
singing membrane    [pp2013015642]
 
562
BT membranophone
 
680
A membrane made to vibrate by speaking or singing into it.
 
 
162
single reed instrument    [pp2013015648]
 
562
BT reed instrument
 
680
An unspecified single reed instrument.
 
 
162
çifte    [pp2013015147]
 
462
UF sipsi
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
680
A Turkish double clarinet consisting of a melody pipe and drone pipe.
 
 
162
sistro    [pp2013015649]
 
462
UF timpano musicale
 
562
BT bell
 
680
A series of small mushroom-shaped bells mounted in a frame on a handle.
 
 
162
sistrum    [pp2013015650]
 
562
BT rattle
 
 
162
sitar    [pp2013015651]
 
462
UF citara
 
462
UF setar (sitar)
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
siter    [pp2013015652]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
sĭyotanka    [pp2013015654]
 
562
BT Native American flute
 
 
162
slit drum    [pp2013015656]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
680
A hollowed-out piece of wood with one or more slits.
 
 
162
snare drum    [pp2013015657]
 
462
UF side drum
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
sō̜ dūang    [pp2013015658]
 
462
UF saw dûa-ng
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A two-stringed Thai bowed lute.
 
 
162
sō̜ sām sāi    [pp2013015659]
 
462
UF saw-sǎ-m sǎi
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A three-stringed Thai spike fiddle.
 
 
162
sō̜ ū    [pp2013015660]
 
462
UF saw û
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
software sampler    [pp2013015661]
 
462
UF music sampler software
 
462
UF sampler software
 
462
UF soft sampler
 
562
BT sampler
 
 
162
solo vocal ensemble    [pp2013015841]
 
562
BT vocal ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of solo voices. For an ensemble consisting of two or more unspecified voices see vocal ensemble.
 
681
Note under vocal ensemble
 
 
162
sopranino clarinet    [pp2014015002]
 
462
UF E♭ clarinet (sopranino)
 
462
UF E-flat clarinet (sopranino)
 
462
UF high E♭clarinet
 
462
UF high E-flat clarinet
 
562
BT clarinet
 
 
162
sopranino recorder    [pp2013015662]
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
sopranino saxophone    [pp2013015663]
 
562
BT saxophone
 
 
162
soprano recorder    [pp2013015664]
 
462
UF descant recorder
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
soprano saxophone    [pp2013015665]
 
562
BT saxophone
 
 
162
soprano voice    [pp2013015666]
 
462
UF soprano (singer)
 
562
BT female voice
 
562
BT high voice
 
 
162
sordellina    [pp2013015667]
 
462
UF surdellina
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
 
162
sound effects    [pp2013015668]
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
680
Sounds and noises, primarily percussive that are often produced by noise-making objects not normally regarded as musical instruments.
 
 
162
sousaphone    [pp2013015669]
 
562
BT tuba
 
 
162
speaker    [pp2013015670]
 
462
UF narrator
 
462
UF orator
 
462
UF reader
 
562
BT voice
 
680
A performer who uses a speaking, rather than a singing, voice.
 
 
162
spinet    [pp2013015671]
 
562
BT piano
 
 
162
spoken chorus    [pp2013015672]
 
562
BT chorus
 
680
An ensemble of performers who use a speaking voice rather than a singing voice.
 
 
162
square piano    [pp2013015673]
 
462
UF square pianoforte
 
562
BT piano
 
 
162
steel band    [pp2013015674]
 
462
UF steel orchestra
 
462
UF steelband
 
462
UF tinpanny
 
562
BT percussion ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of steel drums and rhythm instruments.
 
 
162
steel drum    [pp2013015675]
 
462
UF bass pan
 
462
UF drum, steel
 
462
UF pan, soprano
 
462
UF pan, steel
 
462
UF soprano pan
 
462
UF steel pan
 
462
UF tenor pan
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
sticcado pastorale    [pp2013015676]
(A)
462
UF staccato-pastorella
 
462
UF sticcado
 
462
UF sticcado-pastrole
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
 
162
stick zither    [pp2013015677]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A chordophone consisting of a stick bearing a string.
 
 
162
string band    [pp2013015678]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting largely or wholly of string instruments and often associated with jazz music.
 
 
162
bowed string ensemble    [pp2013015679]
 
462
UF string ensemble
 
462
UF string instrument ensemble
 
462
UF stringed instrument ensemble
 
462
UF strings
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
A mixed or unspecified ensemble of bowed string instruments.
 
 
162
string orchestra    [pp2013015681]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An orchestra consisting solely or primarily of string instruments.
 
 
162
string instrument    [pp2013015680]
 
462
UF chordophone
 
462
UF stringed instrument
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An unspecified string instrument. For an unspecified string instrument played with a bow see bowed string instrument.
 
 
162
struck idiophone    [pp2013015682]
 
562
BT idiophone
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
 
162
struck string instrument    [pp2013015683]
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
562
BT string instrument
 
 
162
suifūkin    [pp2013015684]
 
562
BT edge-blown instrument
 
 
162
suling    [pp2013015685]
 
562
BT duct flute
 
 
162
su̜ng    [pp2013015686]
 
462
UF serng
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
suo na    [pp2013015687]
 
462
UF chi na
 
462
UF hiang te
 
462
UF la pa
 
462
UF so la
 
462
UF sona
 
462
UF su-na
 
462
UF suona
 
462
UF ta ti
 
462
UF wa wa erh
 
462
UF wu li wa
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
šupeljka    [pp2013015688]
 
462
UF šupelka
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
surbahar    [pp2013015689]
 
562
BT sitar
 
 
162
surdo    [pp2013015690]
 
462
UF caixa-surda
 
562
BT snare drum
 
 
162
svirala    [pp2013015691]
 
462
UF duduk (duct flute)
 
462
UF frula
 
462
UF jedina
 
462
UF jedinka
 
462
UF jednojka
 
462
UF sviraja
 
462
UF svirale
 
462
UF žvegljica
 
562
BT duct flute
 
 
162
synthesizer    [pp2013015692]
 
462
UF music synthesizer
 
462
UF musical synthesizer
 
462
UF sound synthesizer
 
462
UF synth
 
462
UF synthesiser
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
680
An electronic instrument capable of producing sounds by generating electrical signals of different frequencies.
 
 
162
tabla    [pp2013015694]
 
462
UF tabala
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A pair of small, tuned, hand-played drums from South Asia.
 
 
162
tabor    [pp2013015695]
 
562
BT snare drum
 
 
162
tʻaepʻyŏngso    [pp2013015693]
 
462
UF hojŏk
 
462
UF nallari
 
462
UF saenap
 
462
UF swaenap
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
taiko    [pp2013015696]
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
taiko (drum ensemble)    [pp2013015697]
 
562
BT percussion ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting mainly of indigenous Japanese percussion instruments.
 
 
162
talharpa    [pp2013015698]
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
562
BT lyre
 
 
162
tam-tam    [pp2013015699]
 
462
UF tamtam
 
562
BT gong
 
680
A large flat gong of indefinite pitch.
 
 
162
ṭambal    [pp2013015700]
 
562
BT dulcimer
 
 
162
tambi    [pp2013015701]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
tamboril    [pp2013015702]
 
562
BT snare drum
 
 
162
tambou    [pp2013015703]
 
562
BT drum
 
680
A French Caribbean drum formed from a hollowed out tree trunk covered in animal skin.
 
 
162
tambourin    [pp2013015704]
 
462
UF Provence, tambourin de
 
462
UF provençal, tambourin
 
462
UF tabour
 
462
UF tabourin
 
462
UF tambourin de Provence
 
462
UF tambourin provençal
 
562
BT snare drum
 
680
A double-headed snare drum from Provence. For the single-headed frame drum, usually with jingles hanging loosely from openings in the shell, see tambourine.
 
681
Note under tambourine
 
 
162
tambourine    [pp2013015705]
 
462
UF Basque, tambour de
 
462
UF tambour de Basque
 
562
BT frame drum
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
680
A small single-headed frame drum, usually with jingles hanging loosely from openings in the shell. For the double-headed snare drum from Provence see tambourin.
 
681
Note under tambourin
 
 
162
tambūrā (drone lute)    [pp2013015706]
 
462
UF pandur
 
462
UF tamboura
 
462
UF tambūrī
 
462
UF tampūrī
 
462
UF tanpūrā
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A South Asian long-necked plucked drone lute.
 
 
162
tambura (fretted lute)    [pp2013015707]
 
462
UF tambouritza
 
462
UF tamburica
 
462
UF tamburitza
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A Balkan long-necked lute.
 
 
162
tambura (fretted lute) ensemble    [pp2013015708]
 
562
BT plucked instrument ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more tamburas.
 
 
162
ṭanbūr    [pp2013015710]
 
462
UF ṭambūr
 
462
UF tanboor
 
462
UF tanbura (lute)
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
tangent piano    [pp2013015711]
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT struck string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
680
A keyboard instrument whose strings are struck by slips of wood that resemble harpsichord jacks.
 
 
162
tanso    [pp2013015712]
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
tap dancer    [pp2013015713]
 
562
BT dancer
 
680
A performer who tap dances as part of a musical composition.
 
 
162
tar (drum)    [pp2013015714]
 
562
BT frame drum
 
 
162
tar (lute)    [pp2013015715]
 
462
UF taar
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
tarka    [pp2013015716]
 
462
UF anata
 
462
UF tar pinkayllu
 
462
UF tarca
 
462
UF tharka
 
562
BT duct flute
 
680
A wooden duct flute of the Andes.
 
 
162
tárogató    [pp2013015717]
 
462
UF taragot
 
462
UF tarakava
 
462
UF torogoată
 
562
BT single reed instrument
 
 
162
tāshā    [pp2013015718]
 
462
UF tamukku
 
462
UF tarsa
 
462
UF tarshā
 
462
UF ṭāsa
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
tavil    [pp2013015719]
 
462
UF dhavul
 
462
UF thavil
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
television set    [pp2013015720]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
telharmonium    [pp2013015721]
 
462
UF dynaphone
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
 
162
tenor recorder    [pp2013015722]
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
tenor saxophone    [pp2013015723]
 
562
BT saxophone
 
 
162
tenor violin    [pp2013015724]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
tenor voice    [pp2013015725]
 
462
UF tenor (singer)
 
562
BT high voice
 
562
BT male voice
 
 
162
tenora    [pp2013015726]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
teponaztli    [pp2013015727]
 
462
UF quiringua
 
462
UF tepenahuasqui
 
462
UF teponagua
 
462
UF teponahuaztli
 
462
UF teponaxtle
 
462
UF tinco
 
462
UF tun-kul
 
562
BT slit drum
 
 
162
theater organ    [pp2013015728]
 
462
UF cinema organ
 
462
UF theatre organ
 
562
BT organ
 
680
An organ developed to provide background music for silent films.
 
 
162
theorbo    [pp2013015729]
 
462
UF chitarrone
 
462
UF téorbe
 
462
UF theorb
 
462
UF théorbe
 
462
UF tiorba
 
462
UF tuorba
 
462
UF tuorbe
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
680
A large extended-neck lute with two peg boxes that was used principally in the Baroque period, on which the upper courses have a reentrant tuning and the diapasons are tuned diatonically.
 
 
162
theremin    [pp2013015730]
 
462
UF aetherphon
 
462
UF termenvoks
 
462
UF thereminvox
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
tibia    [pp2013015731]
 
462
UF shank bone
 
462
UF shin bone
 
462
UF shinbone
 
562
BT woodwind instrument
 
 
162
timbales criollos    [pp2013015732]
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
timpani    [pp2013015733]
 
462
UF kettledrum
 
462
UF kettledrums
 
462
UF timpanum
 
462
UF tympani
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
tin can    [pp2013015734]
 
562
BT percussion instrument
 
 
162
tingklik    [pp2013015735]
 
462
UF rindik
 
562
BT xylophone
 
 
162
tiple    [pp2013015736]
 
462
UF guitarillo
 
462
UF timple
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
tom-tom    [pp2013015737]
 
462
UF Chinese tom-tom
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
tonette    [pp2013015738]
 
462
UF song flute
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
toy instrument    [pp2013015739]
 
462
UF musical toy instrument
 
462
UF toy musical instrument
 
562
BT instrument
 
680
An instrument made for children that is often a simplified or scaled-down version of a conventional instrument.
 
 
162
toy orchestra    [pp2013015740]
 
462
UF toy symphony
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
 
162
toy piano    [pp2013015741]
 
462
UF piano, toy
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
562
BT toy instrument
 
 
162
trautonium    [pp2013015742]
 
562
BT electronic instrument
 
 
162
treble viol    [pp2013015744]
 
562
BT viol
 
 
162
tres    [pp2013015745]
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
triangle    [pp2013015746]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
trombone    [pp2013015747]
 
462
UF slide trombone
 
462
UF tenor trombone
 
462
UF valve trombone
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
 
162
trombone ensemble    [pp2013015833]
 
462
UF trombone choir
 
562
BT brass ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more trombones.
 
 
162
trumpet    [pp2013015748]
 
462
UF bass trumpet
 
462
UF natural trumpet
 
462
UF piccolo trumpet
 
462
UF slide trumpet
 
462
UF valve trumpet
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
 
162
trumpet ensemble    [pp2013015834]
 
462
UF trumpet choir
 
562
BT brass ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more trumpets.
 
 
162
trumpet marine    [pp2013015749]
 
462
UF fiddle, nun's
 
462
UF marine trumpet
 
462
UF nun's fiddle
 
462
UF tromba marina
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
tuba    [pp2013015750]
 
462
UF bass horn
 
462
UF bass tuba
 
462
UF BB♭ tuba
 
462
UF Bʹ♭ tuba
 
462
UF bombardon
 
462
UF Cʹ tuba
 
462
UF CC tuba
 
462
UF contrabass tuba
 
462
UF double B-flat tuba
 
462
UF double C tuba
 
562
BT brass instrument
 
 
162
tuba ensemble    [pp2013015751]
 
562
BT brass ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more tubas.
 
 
162
tubaphone    [pp2013015752]
 
462
UF tubuphone
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
tube zither    [pp2013015753]
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
tubular bells    [pp2013015754]
 
462
UF chimes, orchestral
 
462
UF orchestral chimes
 
562
BT bell
 
 
162
tumba    [pp2013015755]
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
tupan    [pp2013015756]
 
462
UF daul
 
462
UF goč
 
462
UF toba
 
462
UF topan
 
462
UF tʾpan
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
túru (side-blown trumpet)    [pp2013015757]
 
562
BT natural horn
 
 
162
tussefløyte    [pp2013015758]
 
462
UF tusse fløyte
 
562
BT recorder
 
 
162
txalaparta    [pp2013015759]
 
562
BT percussion idiophone
 
 
162
uilleann pipe    [pp2013015760]
 
462
UF Irish organ
 
462
UF uilean pipe
 
462
UF uileann pipe
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
 
162
ukulele    [pp2013015761]
 
462
UF taro patch fiddle
 
462
UF taropatch
 
462
UF uke
 
462
UF ukelele
 
462
UF yukelele
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
valiha    [pp2013015762]
 
462
UF baliha
 
462
UF marovany (tube zither)
 
462
UF valeha
 
462
UF valiha-volo
 
462
UF volo
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT tube zither
 
 
162
vamp-horn    [pp2013015763]
 
462
UF singing trumpet
 
462
UF trumpet, singing
 
462
UF tuba stentoro-phonica
 
462
UF vamping-horn
 
562
BT megaphone
 
 
162
verrophone    [pp2013015764]
 
462
UF glasses, musical
 
462
UF musical glasses
 
462
UF verrophon
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
 
162
veuze    [pp2013015765]
 
562
BT bagpipe
 
 
162
vibraphone    [pp2013015766]
 
462
UF vibraharp
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
 
162
vicitra vina    [pp2013015768]
 
462
UF vichitra vina
 
562
BT vina
 
 
162
vihuela    [pp2013015769]
 
462
UF vihuela comun
 
462
UF vihuela de mano
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
vina    [pp2013015770]
 
462
UF bīṇ
 
462
UF bīṇā
 
462
UF rudra veena
 
462
UF rudra vīṇā
 
462
UF veena
 
462
UF veene
 
462
UF vīṇai
 
462
UF vīṇe
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
viola    [pp2013015772]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
viola da braccio    [pp2013015775]
 
462
UF braccio, viola da
 
562
BT bowed string instrument
 
 
162
viola da gamba    [pp2013015776]
 
462
UF bass viol
 
462
UF gamba, viola da
 
462
UF viol, bass
 
562
BT viol
 
 
162
viola d'amore    [pp2013015773]
 
562
BT viol
 
 
162
viola d'arame    [pp2013015774]
 
462
UF arame, viola da
 
462
UF Portuguese viola
 
462
UF viola braguesa
 
462
UF viola chuleira
 
462
UF viola de arame
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
viola-de-cocho    [pp2013015777]
 
462
UF Brazilian lute
 
462
UF lute, Brazilian
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
viola ensemble    [pp2013015778]
 
462
UF viola choir
 
562
BT bowed string ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more violas.
 
 
162
viola pomposa    [pp2013015779]
 
562
BT viola
 
 
162
violano-virtuoso    [pp2013015780]
 
562
BT mechanical instrument
 
 
162
violetta d'amore    [pp2013015781]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
A bowed string instrument with five playing and six resonating strings developed in Germany in the 20th century.
 
 
162
violin    [pp2013015782]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
violin ensemble    [pp2013015835]
 
462
UF violin choir
 
562
BT bowed string ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more violins.
 
 
162
violo    [pp2013015783]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
violoncello piccolo    [pp2013015784]
 
562
BT cello
 
 
162
violone    [pp2013015785]
 
462
UF double bass viol
 
562
BT viol
 
 
162
violotta    [pp2013015786]
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
 
162
viol    [pp2013015771]
 
462
UF gamba (family of viols)
 
462
UF viola da gamba (family of viols)
 
562
BT bowed lute
 
680
An unspecified instrument from the family of fretted, bowed string instruments in use from the 16th-18th centuries.
 
 
162
virginal    [pp2013015787]
 
562
BT keyboard instrument
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
visuals    [pp2013015788]
 
680
A visual component of a musical performance.
 
 
162
vocal ensemble    [pp2013015789]
 
562
BT ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more unspecified voices. For an ensemble consisting of solo voices, use solo vocal ensemble.
 
681
Note under solo vocal ensemble
 
 
162
vocal percussion    [pp2013015836]
 
462
UF bouladjèl
 
462
UF mouth drum
 
562
BT voice
 
562
BT body percussion
 
680
A vocalist who creates sounds with the mouth that approximate, imitate, or otherwise serve the same purpose as a percussion instrument.
 
 
162
vocalion    [pp2013015790]
 
562
BT reed organ
 
 
162
voice    [pp2013015791]
 
562
BT performer
 
680
An unspecified vocalized part. For a performer who uses his or her voice to produce musical tone see singer.
 
681
Note under singer
 
 
162
washboard    [pp2013015792]
 
562
BT indirectly struck idiophone
 
 
162
washboard band    [pp2013015793]
 
462
UF band, washboard
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
 
162
washint    [pp2013015794]
 
462
UF wāšint
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
washtub bass    [pp2013015795]
 
462
UF gutbucket
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
 
162
waterphone    [pp2013015797]
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
 
162
whistle    [pp2013015798]
 
562
BT duct flute
 
 
162
whistling    [pp2013015799]
 
562
BT aerophone
 
562
BT body percussion
 
 
162
wind controller    [pp2013015801]
 
462
UF electronic trumpet
 
462
UF electronic valve instrument
 
462
UF electronic wind instrument
 
462
UF eVI (electronic valve instrument)
 
462
UF eVI wind controller
 
462
UF eWI (electronic wind instrument)
 
562
BT aerophone
 
562
BT MIDI controller
 
 
162
wind ensemble    [pp2013015802]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more mixed wind instruments. For a brass or woodwind ensemble, see brass ensemble or woodwind ensemble. For wind band, see band.
 
 
162
wind instrument    [pp2013015803]
 
562
BT aerophone
 
680
An unspecified woodwind or brass instrument.
 
 
162
wind machine    [pp2013015804]
 
462
UF aeoliphone
 
562
BT friction idiophone
 
 
162
wind chime    [pp2013015800]
 
462
UF wind-bell
 
462
UF windchime
 
562
BT aerophone
 
562
BT idiophone
 
 
162
women’s chorus    [pp2013015805]
 
562
BT chorus
 
 
162
woodwind ensemble    [pp2013015806]
 
562
BT wind ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more different woodwind instruments.
 
681
Reference under wind ensemble
 
 
162
woodwind instrument    [pp2013015807]
 
462
UF wood-wind instrument
 
562
BT wind instrument
 
680
An unspecified woodwind instrument.
 
 
162
xiao    [pp2013015808]
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
xun    [pp2013015809]
 
562
BT ductless flute
 
 
162
xylophone    [pp2013015810]
 
462
UF bell, song
 
462
UF fiddle, straw
 
462
UF song bell
 
462
UF straw fiddle
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
 
162
xylorimba    [pp2013015811]
 
462
UF marimba-xylophone
 
462
UF xylo-marimba
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
 
162
yang qin    [pp2013015813]
 
462
UF yangqin
 
562
BT dulcimer
 
 
162
yanggŭm    [pp2013015814]
 
462
UF kurachʾŏlsa kum
 
562
BT dulcimer
 
 
162
yaogu    [pp2013015815]
 
462
UF huagu
 
462
UF temple drum
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
yatga    [pp2013015816]
 
462
UF Mongolian zither
 
462
UF yataga
 
462
UF yatug
 
462
UF yatuġ-a
 
462
UF yatuga
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
yoochin (dulcimer)    [pp2013015817]
 
462
UF ëochin
 
462
UF yanchin
 
462
UF yanchir
 
562
BT dulcimer
 
 
162
yue qin    [pp2013015818]
 
462
UF moon guitar
 
462
UF moon lute
 
462
UF yueqin
 
562
BT plucked lute
 
 
162
yuka    [pp2013015819]
 
562
BT drum
 
 
162
zarb    [pp2013015820]
 
462
UF dombäck
 
462
UF dombak
 
462
UF tombak
 
462
UF tûnbak
 
562
BT goblet drum
 
 
162
zheng    [pp2013015821]
 
462
UF Chinese zither
 
462
UF gu zheng
 
462
UF guzheng
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
zhong hu    [pp2013015822]
 
462
UF zhonghu
 
562
BT er hu
 
 
162
zhui qin    [pp2013015823]
 
562
BT hu qin
 
 
162
zither    [pp2013015824]
 
462
UF cither
 
462
UF simple chordophone
 
562
BT string instrument
 
 
162
zither ensemble    [pp2013015825]
 
562
BT instrumental ensemble
 
680
An ensemble consisting of two or more zithers.
 
 
162
zitho-harp    [pp2013015826]
 
562
BT plucked string instrument
 
562
BT zither
 
 
162
zoomoozophone    [pp2013015827]
 
562
BT mallet instrument
 
 
162
zumari    [pp2013015828]
 
562
BT double reed instrument
 
 
162
zūrnā    [pp2013015829]
 
462
UF sorna
 
462
UF sornai
 
462
UF surlă
 
462
UF surle
 
462
UF surna
 
462
UF surnai
 
462
UF zukra
 
462
UF zurla
 
562
BT double reed instrument